We explain what gender violence is and the types of violence that exist. In addition, what to do when faced with an act of gender violence.
What is gender violence?
Gender-based violence is the violence that someone exerts on a person only because of their gender . The actions we consider violent are all those that negatively affect the identity, sexuality and reproductive freedom, physical and mental health and social welfare of a person.
The concept of gender violence, in some laws, is reduced to violence against women, but it is more complex than that . This type of violence includes dynamics of domination, including threats and arbitrary deprivation of political and civil liberties, regardless of the scope in which they occur.
Among the most aberrant acts of gender violence we can find clitoris ablation, female infanticide, rapes, forced prostitution, abortions based on sex of the unborn, violence against prostitutes, castration, human trafficking, harassment and harassment within organizations, and homophobic attacks.
See also: Machismo.
Types of gender violence
- Physical: this type of violence implies an action that produces pain and injuries, or that is at risk of producing them. This type of aggression affects the physical integrity of the person. It can occur in work, personal or family relationships alike and vary from push to attempted murder. This type of abuse is the easiest to prove in court.
- Psychological: acts of psychological violence are all those that produce feelings of devaluation and suffering. These acts can range from insults, to extreme attitudes of control and reproaches, humiliation, authority, disrespect, imposing isolation or isolation, among others. Although its consequences are difficult to detect, its long-term effects can affect the mental and emotional stability of the victim.
- Sexual: in this case actions that violate the freedom to choose when, how and in what way to have sex will be called sexual violence. Even if this freedom is not violated by force, if not with threats or blackmail and intimidation. Sexual violence includes rape, abuse and interference in reproductive choices.
- Economic: actions that involve the retention, destruction or subtraction of assets or money illegitimately by the offender will be called economic violence. This type of aggression causes the decrease or total elimination of the physical and mental well-being of the victim and their children.
- Symbolic: this type of oppression is exercised through messages, media and stereotypes forcing someone to take a lower position in relation to another gender.
- Domestic: a violent act is considered domestic if it is done by a member of the family group, it is not necessary to live with the aggressor. Within the family group we can find blood relatives and affinity members as a couple.
- Institutional: these types of acts are perpetrated by officials and personnel belonging to any public institution or organization. What characterizes these acts is that their purpose is to impede the exercise of rights and obtain public benefits in terms of health or other issues.
- Obstetric: this type of violent action occurs from workers in the health sector to pregnant and non-pregnant women. Obstetric violence is considered both the abuse of medicalization and dehumanized treatment and the illegal intervention in reproductive rights.
What to do when faced with gender violence?
Many times situations of violence cannot be foreseen, but in the event that we are victims of such an event, there are a series of emergency actions that we must follow:
- Give notice: First, we must immediately call the police.
- Save documentation: Then we must keep our documentation and that of our children in a safe place.
- Medical attention: The next step is to go to a medical attention center, the part they issue from that office will be referred to the local court in case it is necessary for legal actions. In the center of medical attention, a psychologist can take our skills in order to register our psychological state at the time of the attack.
- Collect evidence: Finally, we must not forget to take photographs of the injuries and get witnesses who can confirm that they have seen or heard the violence.