Types of Securities
We explain to you what types of values exist, both socially and universally and in specific areas. In addition, the characteristics of each type.
What are the types of values?
When we talk about values, we refer to properties and characteristics of objects or subjects, which the whole of a human society considers valuable, that is, it considers worthy of being conserved, encouraged and replicated.
The values can be of a very different nature and can be estimated for different reasons (historical, cultural, etc.). Some of them are more or less universal and others are very particular of a culture, geographic region or community.
In fact, values are almost always a historical construction . There is often talk that in our society se values are being lost, when it really means that traditional values are lost, replaced, of course, by new ones, g Follow us or not.
We understand, then, that values are always the result of a human interpretation. On the other hand, they can be of many types, depending on what area of life they refer to, or even where their legitimacy in culture comes from. Next we will see what are the possible types of values.
It can serve you: Social values
There are no really universal values, but in broad strokes, some of them are held in esteem by a large number of cultures and societies .
These values usually allude to the most basic aspects of human life, such as life itself, the absence of pain, well-being, etc. That is why all humanity is considered universal, but for the same reason they are often difficult to specify and define.
More in: Universal values
On the contrary, the personal ones are those values that reside in each individual, that is, that each one interprets a little in his own way and exercises according to his free will. Many of them may coincide with more universally accepted values, but which in certain circumstances may be lacking, which is not usually a serious social offense.
For example, honesty is usually valued, but it is practically impossible to live in peace in society always telling the truth of what is thought. Then there are "white lies" or situations in which lying is justified, as to protect someone, or to ensure survival.
Those that are usually transmitted as a family, that is, we learn at home. They are taught by our parents and family . They are usually also traditional values, that is, inherited from previous generations, which means that they can vary depending on the culture in which the family is inserted.
For example, in certain communities, respect and devotion to ancestors have a family value, as is the case in traditional homes in Japan. In the West, on the other hand, we tend to be much more irreverent with parental authority.
It is about those imposed by the society in which we live . They often have to do with its own functioning, or with the place that we must occupy within it.
They are behaviors such as patriotism, for example, that are instilled in the school and in other institutions that have a training plan, not only in knowledge, but also in civic, patriotic, ultimately, political values.
Those from the specific practice of some kind of religion or mysticism, especially those that have institutions that support them, that is, churches.
Christianity, one of the world's major religions, has its own series of Christian values, such as those professed by the 10 commandments: obedience to parents, faith in God, rejection of "carnal" temptations, love to others, etc.
The values linked to ethics are those that emerge from a profession, knowledge or power . They regulate the good use of a certain power that society gives us.
For example, honesty (contrary to corruption) is a value that we all yearn to see in our politicians, even if they in many cases insist on letting us down. Sincerity, on the other hand, is an ethical quality that we will appreciate in a doctor to whom we entrust our health.
Moral values are often confused with religious and family members, because usually they all have common boundaries, dictated by history, culture and tradition. However, we will understand by moral values those that emerge from two absolute and difficult notions to define: good and evil .
As is known, these are really points of view regarding things, not definable categories in universal terms. Therefore, the distinction between what is `` good '' in society and what is bad is changing over time, and eventually behaviors that are accepted before are accepted. They were considered ma bad or vice versa.
For example, at some time in the West, much more superstitious, it was considered that showing beyond the ankles on a woman's dress was sinful, indecent and, therefore, something bad . This criterion, as we can see today, became more flexible over time.
Continue with: Human values