We explain what a reform is and what are the different types of reform that exist. In addition, other uses that this term has.
What is reform?
The term reform refers to the action of reshaping, correcting something, redoing, modifying . When one makes a reform, aspects of the original scheme are maintained, while some others are modified.
The word reform is used in various aspects of everyday life to express a change or modification, whether physical as a remodeling of some structure or building or abstract, as a law .
Different types of reform:
- Economic Reform
- Legal Reform
- Architectural Reform
- Education reform
- Historical Reform
The economic reform (for example, the agrarian reform) comprises a set of economic, political, social and legislative provisions that seek to change the structure of the land of the owner and the form of production n of it.
The legal reform refers to changes that can be undertaken in the laws and / or ordinances of a province, a state or a country. As an example we can mention the reform of the Argentine Constitution in 1957 and 1994, and the project of constitutional reform of Venezuela in 2007, whose change consisted in reforming 69 art Constitutions of the constitution at that time in force.
The architectural reform refers to the remodeling of a structure, to expand or reduce, innovate and modify its spaces, making them a more pleasant place.
The educational reform refers to a particular movement, usually made by students or teachers of the institution, who claim certain changes in the laws that govern the building. In order to improve the educational system of the institution, students, teachers and sometimes authorities of the institution, are the ones who take the initiative to modify aspects of the established rules seeking a common purpose, which is a improvement in the educational system of the establishment. Some examples of educational reforms are: university reform in 1918, in the city of Cordoba, Argentina; the pedagogical reform, towards the end of the 19th century, and the Vareliana reform in Uruguay, among others.
Historical reform can be distinguished from the reform of revolution, given that the latter refers to a surprising and substantial change . Throughout history, there were several religious movements that gave rise to many reforms; Gregorian reform, for example, dates a series of changes carried out in the Catholic Church during the eleventh century, under Gregory VII. The Protestant reform was a Christian religious movement located in Germany during the 16th century and led by Martin Luther, who created several churches and groups organized under the name of Protestantism.
See also: Constitutional Law.
Other uses of the term
Some other examples that we can observe in the use of the term reform:
“We have decided to appeal to the request of the new students, carrying out the reform they are looking forward to. The old laws will be modified for a better functioning of the educational system and the establishment ”.
"The building we see on the right, has been renovated two centuries ago thanks to the financing of an important and well-known feudal lord."
“Equal marriage has been approved in Spain on July 3, 2005, making same-sex marriage legal. José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero carried out the reform of the constitution enabling equal marriage and the large amount of rights that entails. ”