We explain to you what psychopedagogy is and what its exponents were. The profile of the psychopedagogue and the scopes of the psychopedagogy.
What is psychopedagogy?
Psychopedagogy is a discipline that aims to analyze human behaviors related to education, learning and vocational orientations.
The main objective of psychopedagogy is to create different tools or processes to increase the education of people . Teacher training and a psychological analysis of each situation are some of the possible ways to address this issue.
Psychopedagogy, according to the Royal Spanish Academy, is that branch of psychology that analyzes the phenomena of a psychological order in order to formulate more adequate the didactic and pedagogical methods. It is the result of the cross between psychology and education.
See also: Constructivism.
Main exponents of psychopedagogy
Among its main exponents are Jean Piaget, Lev Vigotsky and Jerome Brumer . Let's look at these authors in a brief summary and their contributions to psychology and how these have been extremely useful for psychopedagogy.
Jean Piaget: is undoubtedly one of the central figures of psychology. This biologist, epistemologist and Swiss psychologist has revolutionized the paradigms of psychology of his time with his genetic theory.
Although the genetic term can generate some confusion, it is necessary to clarify that it does not refer to genetics in biological terms, but rather in terms of genesis, origin and evolution. Piaget concluded that the knowledge process is not linear, but that it is divided into different phases that he called "periods of cognitive development."
These processes are cumulative and stand out for assimilation, that is, for the acquisition of new knowledge, and another process called accommodation, in which the child adjusts this new information to the cognitive structure . Piaget's theory was decisive for psychopedagogy, since he focused his attention on how children know, modifying their cognitive structures.
Jerome Bruner: insisted on the need to change the behavioral way of learning, which consisted of repetition and memorization techniques, since according to this author the total capacities of the individual did not exploit.
Given this, he insisted on the importance of interactive learning, of dialogue as a way to enhance the process, added to the need to focus on processes and concepts rather than on specific facts and figures. As we see, it not only influenced psychopedagogy, but also in the pedagogical field in general.
Lev Vygotsky: He was a Russian psychologist who in his short life did a long work that greatly influenced social psychology . Among his main ideas we find the idea of environment, understood as the means through which the person takes the tools to grow.
This breaks with some innatist ideas, according to which the person already has all the tools to develop in himself . Among the main "tools" with which the person is in their environment is language.
The profile of a psychopedagogue has to be necessarily investigative but at the same time rigorous in his procedure. You must interact in a fluid way with who is going to work (who are almost always children).
The clinical method is crucial, since it is through interviews, questionnaires and annotations that the psychopedagogue will advance on the particular problem of the child.
It is very important the support of the family and the recurrent contact with the professional to make him aware of the situation. The psychopedagogue has to use his theoretical framework to work with something subjective as an individual, therefore there are no "fixed rules" or absolute methods, but theories that can guide us in the treatment (either preventive or to work with a particular problem ).
Areas of psychopedagogy
Within the scope of learning, psychopedagogy can develop different functions. Among them , the development of teaching methods to address the diversity that we can find in the learning processes stands out.
As we all know, the standardized learning process tends to generate some difficulties, since not everyone evolves at the same rate or in the same way . This takes on particular importance in those children who present some kind of learning difficulty.
Another point less known by the population but that is very important for the exploitation of the potential of the abilities of the academic students and even of the professional sector.
In this case, the role of psychopedagogy is to develop strategies for better decision making.
Finally, we can highlight the direct action on the classroom that pedagogy can exercise. This is usually known as tutorial action, and is very important when it comes to resolving conflicts of different types.
As we see, this type of psychopedagogy is characterized by group work . Among its main tasks is to create values for the group and carry out practices that can serve for greater coexistence among students.