• Sunday August 7,2022

First World War

We explain everything about the First World War. The sides and their participating countries, the causes and consequences of the war.

Soldiers of the English infantry, in France.
  1. What was the First World War?

World War I, also known as the Great War in some countries, was an international armed confrontation that encompassed virtually every country on the European continent, and several nations in the Middle East, Asia, Africa and also in America, in four years of large-scale war, from 1914 to 1918.

The countries in dispute were organized in two opposing alliances, called the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente, in which were several of the great empires of the time, and almost all the military and industrial powers of the moment. Almost 70 million soldiers clashed, coming from European nations and their African and Asian colonies.

Thus, World War I is considered the fifth most costly armed conflict in human history lives, given the huge number of participants and the variety of technologies used for the first time, from aerial bombardment, machine guns, poison gas and the first tanks of war.

This conflict was extremely important for the political and economic order of the world, given that it created important revolutions in some of the participating nations, collapsed empires and allowed the rise of new powers.

The end point of the First World War was the surrender of Germany with the signing of the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919. The oppressive conditions of that treaty would, paradoxically, ignite the wick of discontent that would cause the Second World War two decades after.

See also: Vietnam War.

  1. Causes of World War I

The starting point of the Great War was the murder in Sarajevo of Archduke Francisco Fernando of Austria, heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This led to a large-scale diplomatic conflict that immediately went to arms, as the Empire invaded the Kingdom of Serbia fired numerous side and side alliances that escalated into world war.

The distribution of the world by the European imperial powers during the previous century should also be considered as a cause of war, since the commercial colonization of Africa and Asia allowed them to develop economically and industrially, but in very unequal and competitive terms: England and France had the monopoly of industrial development, which generated discord and revived nationalist quarrels.

  1. Consequences of the First World War

The Great War provoked almost 8 million disappeared from both sides.

Beyond the nearly 10 million dead soldiers, 20 million injured and almost 8 million missing from both sides, the Great War had important political consequences at the time, as was the dissolution of four of the participating empires : the Russian, the German, the Ottoman and the Austro-Hungarian.

The Russian case is well known because the October Revolution took place in 1917, in which the Bolsheviks overthrew the Tsarism and took the first steps towards a socialist state that would later become the Union of Rep Soviet Socialist bicycles (USSR).

For its part, the Austro-Hungarian empire was divided into the nations of Austria and Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire fell before the Arab Revolution that gave birth to the nations of Turkey a, Syria, Iraq, Palestine and Israel. Something similar happened with the Kingdom of Serbia, which gave way to a multi-ethnic nation: the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Finally, the dissolution of the German Empire occurred in such oppressive terms and in such a condition of poverty, after their armies were eliminated and their African colonies confiscated, that resentment and the sensation of betrayal would nest in the country, sowing the seeds that later Adolf Hitler would reap.

  1. Countries participating in World War I

The two sides faced in the Great War were the following:

The Triple Alliance, established in 1882, brings together the so-called Power Power : the German Reich, the Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Kingdom of Italy. The latter will change sides on the first year of the conflict, however, and its place will be occupied by the Ottoman Empire and the Kingdom of Bulgaria.

Other nations such as the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan, the Belarusian People's Republic, the Kingdom of Finland, the Kingdom of Lithuania, the Kingdom of Poland, the Ukrainian State, among others, will support an the alliance based on your business relationships with it.

The Triple Entente . Formed by the British Empire, the French Republic and the Russian Empire, and then by the Kingdom of Italy in 1915. They would also do so after the Great Empire of Japan n, the Kingdom of Romania, the Kingdom of Belgium, the Kingdom of Serbia, the Portuguese Republic and the United States of America.

But when the conflict increased in scale and the balance leaned toward the Triple Entente, other nations joined the fight, such as Brazil, the Democratic Republic of Armenia, Czechoslovakia, the Principality of Albania, the Kingdom of Siam, the Kingdom of Finland (which changed sides in 1918) and the Kingdom of Montenegro.

Interesting Articles

Capitalism and Socialism

Capitalism and Socialism

We explain to you what capitalism and socialism are, the most important economic systems, and what their differences are. Capitalism and socialism are two opposite economic and philosophical systems. Capitalism and Socialism There are many ways to explain the differences between capitalism and socialism , two opposite economic and philosophical systems

Conduct

Conduct

We explain what the behavior is and what types of behaviors exist. What factors regulate it and its role in the adaptation of the individual. Behaviors refer to visible and external factors of individuals. What is the behavior? Behavior refers to people's behavior . In the field of psychology it is understood that behavior is the expression of the particularities of the subjects, that is, the manifestation of personality

Virtual Communication

Virtual Communication

We explain what virtual communication is and some examples of this communication. Its classification, characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. Virtual communication does not require physical proximity between transmitters and receivers. What is virtual communication? Virtual communication is a type of communication that emerged from the technological advances of the late twentieth century

Productivity

Productivity

We explain what productivity is, the types that exist and the factors that affect it. In addition, why it is so important and examples. Productivity increases when making significant changes in the production chain. What is productivity? When talking about productivity, we refer to the economic measure determined by the comparison between the goods or services produced, and the minimum expectation or minimum quota of indispensable production

Drama

Drama

We explain what drama is, the different ways it can be classified and some examples of this literary genre. The drama has its origin in classical Greek culture. What is the drama? The `` drama '' or the `` drama '' is one of the literary genres of antiquity , as described by the Greek philosopher Arist teles, forerunner of what we know today as dramaturgy o theater

Virtual communities

Virtual communities

We explain what a virtual community is and what they are for. Features and examples of different virtual communities. It is estimated that there are currently about 40 million virtual communities online. What are virtual communities? Virtual communities are called certain groups of subjects (individuals, groups and institutions) that concentrate their efforts on the ordering of data processed on the Internet, based on online services