• Sunday May 31,2020

Scientific Thought

We explain to you what scientific thought is and how it arose. In addition, characteristics and examples of scientific thinking.

Scientific thinking is based on reason and the critical spirit.
  1. What is scientific thinking?

Scientific thinking is a mode of reasoning inaugurated by the emergence of modern sciences . It is based on skepticism, observation and experimentation, that is, on the demonstrable proof of the interpretations we make of the world and the laws that govern it.

Scientific thinking is a type of thinking that is alien to the methods and reasoning of religion, magic and medieval scholasticism. On the contrary, it embraces the critical and rationalist thinking of Renaissance philosophers.

In Modernity, it was especially manifested in the Scientific Method, formally proposed by the philosopher and writer Sir Francis Bacon (1561-1626) in his work De dignitate et augmentis scientarumn ( On the dignification and progress of science ). But it is first and foremost, together with its application to the techniques (technology), of the contemporary world as we know it.

It has great effectiveness in translating the observable universe into demonstrable, reproducible and measurable phenomena, with the intention that they be independent of individual subjectivities. Thus, it has put within our reach unimaginable methods and tools in times before its emergence and formalization.

Since then, science is making great strides. The changes it causes present ethical debates to society about the responsibility for their consequences.

See also: Scientific knowledge

  1. Origin of scientific thought

The concern to know and understand the universe, that is, the germ of scientific thought, has existed in our species since its inception. That is why there were great practitioners of what in ancient times was known as "Philosophy", or "Natural Philosophy" and that is the direct precursor of modern science.

The scientific thought proper appeared after the Renaissance . It was the result of the radical philosophical and cultural change that took place after the end of the Middle Ages and the replacement of religious faith with human reason as the supreme value of humanity.

  1. Characteristics of scientific thinking

Scientific theories, such as evolution, must be demonstrated with evidence.

Scientific thinking consists of four essential characteristics:

  • Objectivity and rationality . Scientific thinking must be foreign to the feelings, interests and opinions of the person who formulates it, given that it tries to obtain conclusions regarding the laws that govern the universe, regardless of the appreciation of human beings.
  • Demonstrability and verifiability . Scientific conclusions must be universal, and for this they must be able to be demonstrated empirically, thus being valid throughout the world and can be verified by direct experience (experiments) or by an explanation that cannot be refuted by logical and demonstrable arguments.
  • Systematicity and methodicity . Scientific thinking is carried out through orderly, explainable procedures, which step by step form a rational, empirical and analyzable system in any of its elements. Thus, for example, an experiment must be able to be replicated as many times as necessary and always obtain the same result.
  • Accuracy and communicability . Whenever a scientific conclusion is reached, it must be precise, that is, concrete, specific, and must be understandable and explainable to third parties, that is, fully communicable.
  1. Examples of scientific thinking

Even the most basic technologies are the result of scientific thinking.

On the one hand, the so-called exact or hard sciences are a manifestation of scientific thought. So are those with specific applications in technology, such as electricity, computer science or astronomy, for example.

In addition, examples of scientific thinking are a huge variety of rational, empirical, verifiable and communicable knowledge . Among them are the laws of physics, the applications of chemistry, the understanding of anatomy and biochemistry.

We also find scientific thinking in less obvious contexts, such as mathematical and logical reasoning, sociological, psychological, economic and other theories. social Sciences. In all cases, it is necessary that they comply with the premises and requirements of the scientific method.

Continue with: Logical Thinking


Interesting Articles

Xenophobia

Xenophobia

We explain what xenophobia is, what are its causes and examples. In addition, its relationship with racism and discrimination. The origin of the xenophobia could be assumed at the beginning of human civilization. What is xenophobia? It is called `` xenophobia '' to fear, contempt or hatred of people who come from a nation or a culture different from their own , that is, foreigners, including their cultural manifestations, their language or anything that can Associate with the foreign

Orbit

Orbit

We explain to you what an orbit is and what is its meaning in the area of ​​chemistry. What is an elliptical orbit and the solar system orbits. An orbit can have various shapes, either elliptical, circular or elongated. What is an orbit? In physics, orbit refers to the trajectory described by a body around another , around which it rotates by action of a central force, as is the gravitational force in the case of the stars light blue In less words, it is the trajectory that an object traces when moving around a center of gravity by which it is attracted, in principle without ever hitting it, bu

Heterogeneous Blend

Heterogeneous Blend

We explain what a heterogeneous mixture is, how it is made and various examples. In addition, differences with a homogeneous mixture. In heterogeneous mixtures the components can be distinguished. What is a heterogeneous mixture? A heterogeneous mixture is a material composed of the union of two or other chemically unbound substances

Bone system

Bone system

We explain to you what the bone system is and the parts by which it is formed. In addition, its various functions and possible diseases. The bone system, next to the muscular and articular, forms the `` apparatus '' of the motomomoror of the body. What is the bone system? The complex and complete structure composed of the 206 bones of the human skeleton , as well as the cartilage, ligaments and tendons that allow them to connect properly to the musculature or other bones

Greek mythology

Greek mythology

We explain to you what is the Greek mythology and the gods that make up these ancient tales. In addition, its origin and main characters. The stories of Greek epidemiology were initially oral in nature. What is Greek mythology? When we talk about Greek epidemiology, we refer to the set of stories, myths and legends belonging to Ancient Greece (c

Dark matter

Dark matter

We explain to you what dark matter is and why it is so important. In addition, what is antimatter and dark energy. Dark matter makes up 80% of the total mass of the universe. What is dark matter? In astrophysics, a component of the universe other than the so-called bariatric matter (ordinary matter), neutrinos and dark energy is known as dark matter