We explain what ILO is, when it was founded and the history of this international organization. In addition, its different functions.
What is OIT?
ILO stands for the International Labor Organization, a specialized agency attached to the United Nations Organization (UN) created to deal with matters relevant to the legislation n of work and labor relations.
The OIT was founded in 1919 when the Treaty of Versailles that ended the First World War was signed . Its constitution, sanctioned on that date, was complemented by the Declaration of Philadelphia of 1944. Its headquarters are in Geneva, Switzerland, but it has an area of operation. It covers 187 different countries, against whose governments it cannot sanction.
The structure of the OIT is governed by a tripartite government, which includes representatives of governments, workers' unions and employers' or employers' associations, so that all parties affected in the Labor relations are represented there.
It presents an International Labor Conference that meets annually and serves as its supreme body; while its executive body is the Board of Directors, which has a quarterly meeting. He doesn't have a president, but he does have a CEO.
The work of the OIT in the field of mediation between employers and employees, defense of labor rights and promotion of work made her the Nobel Peace Prize in 1969.
See also: Occupational Health.
As has been said, this body was founded in the early twentieth century and its first general director was the French socialist politician Albert Thomas . The emergence of this new tripartite body, unique in its kind, was to guarantee the improvement of working conditions as the International Association for the Legal Protection of Workers, founded on Basel in 1901.
These types of movements were due to the need to organize the different forces involved in the work, following the profound changes in society that the advent of capitalism and the Industrial Revolution had brought. This was greatly influenced by Labor, labor and labor parties and groups, whose struggle continues for more than a century produced notable advances in labor matters.
The ILO is generally dedicated to promoting job creation, protecting workers' rights and promoting social dialogue between the different parties involved, for the sake of harmony. In that sense, it focuses on four main axes:
- Principles and rights of the worker . The defense of acquired rights and persecution of illegal forms of work, such as child exploitation or slavery.
- Job creation The promotion of growth in labor matters and agreements that are beneficial both for the worker on time and for the employer in the long run.
- Social protection The defense of workers at the health level: insurance coverage, occupational hazards, etc.
- Social dialogue Maintain peace between the various parties involved and prevent some from taking advantage of the weaknesses or efforts of others.