• Saturday June 25,2022

Observation

We explain to you what the observation is and what the scientific observation consists of. In addition, how is this process in everyday life.

Humans make more complex observations than those made by animals.
  1. What is Observation?

Observation is a process in which information is obtained through the use of the senses . The Spanish Royal Academy defines this term as the act of observing, which in turn is understood as «carefully examining», «looking carefully or modestly».

Animals, as well as people, "observe . " For example, a cougar watches its prey carefully, moves with stealth, tries to find the best way to attack it and thus be able to end it. Cats, for example, are very curious animals that tend to observe everything around them.

Humans make observations, but they are a bit more complex than those made by animals. Despite not having developed senses in an exceptional way, human beings make more complete and complex observations (if they are systematized, it is not always so). For these purposes, we use various tools that extend the possibilities of observation that the senses offer us; This is the case of astronomers who use telescopes to study stars and celestial bodies.

See also: Methodology.

  1. The observation in science

The term "observation" in many cases exceeds face-to-face and direct observation.

Observation is also one of the first and main steps when using the scientific method . The scientific method is the set of rules and methodological precepts that guide the conduct of a researcher to ensure proper development of the same. It is a consensus of the scientific community and aims to differentiate what is scientific from what is not, separate "truths" from "beliefs."

The place given to observation was crucial during the ups and downs of positivism (this philosophical current affirms that the only valid knowledge is that which is acquired through the senses). It was believed that man "faced" a reality external to him, in which he was a mere observer.

With the passage of time, it was demonstrated that this vision of common sense is not so because our observation is guided by experience, and what we understand that we observe is mediated by this same. This is only part of a great epistemological debate about what is first, whether observation or theory (something like the famous chicken and egg dilemma).

Finally, the term "observation" in many cases exceeds face-to-face and direct observation. We can find an example of this in the social and human sciences. For example, statistics are "observable" samples even if the researcher has not had direct contact with the respondents (usually, this task is carried out by employees who carry out the surveys) but nevertheless, he will talk about his "observation".

Follow in: Scientific Observation.

  1. The observation in everyday life

If we deviate from the scientific sphere, in the normal use of language we say that we make an "observation" when we highlight something that we consider important or, in turn, an error . It is to put a greater focus on some specific detail so as to be able to subtract its most outstanding characteristics or also its advantages and disadvantages.

In conclusion, the world would not be the same if the ability to observe did not exist both in the scientific environment or in everyday life.

Interesting Articles

Coexistence

Coexistence

We explain to you what coexistence is, the question of whether the human being is selfish or solidary by nature and the patterns of coexistence. Coexistence is the relationship of people with the social groups that they integrate. What is living together? Coexistence is the physical and peaceful coexistence between individuals or groups that must share a space

Mortality

Mortality

We explain what mortality is, what is the mortality rate and what is birth. In addition, infant morbidity and mortality. It is known that human mortality is higher in men than in women. What is mortality? Human beings are mortal, that is, we are going to die, and therefore we have a particular relationship with mortality

Indifference

Indifference

We explain what indifference is and what are its possible causes. In addition, some examples of this feeling. Indifference can indicate an attitude of survival, such as a shield or armor. What is indifference? Indifference is that feeling of remaining immobile , both in motion and in feeling, in the face of any situation, idea or person

Geosphere

Geosphere

We explain to you what the geosphere is and how its structure is. In addition, how this set of layers is composed and its importance. The study of the geosphere is carried out through the experimental review of the soils. What s the ge sphere? In the natural sciences, the set of layers that make up the solid part of the Earth is called the `` sphere '' or `` geosphere

Philosophical Disciplines

Philosophical Disciplines

We explain to you what they are and what are the philosophical disciplines, what they are dealing with and the characteristics of each one. Philosophical disciplines offer different views on human existence. What are the philosophical disciplines? Philosophical disciplines, also called branches of philosophy, are the various aspects of study that comprise philosophy , that is, that are inserted into it as a much larger field

Effective Communication

Effective Communication

We explain to you what effective communication is and what its elements are. In addition, why it is so important and some examples. It is very important that the issuer knows clearly what he wants to transmit. What is effective communication? Effective communication is one in which the sender and the receiver encode a message in equivalent form