• Wednesday August 12,2020


We explain what the MS-DOS is and what was the history of this famous operating system. In addition, a list of basic MS-DOS commands.

The MS-DOS was preinstalled on most computers in the 1990s.
  1. What is MS-DOS?

MS-DOS stands for `` MicroSoft Disk Operating System (Disk Operating System of MicroSoft) and is the name of one of the operating systems for computer systems Ethics based on an x86 architecture and designed by the American software company Microsoft. It was popularly known as `` DOS.

This operating system was preinstalled on most computers in the 1990s, and it was the basic software for human interaction with the computer. To do this, it requires that the user enter some of the commands manually, using the keyboard, choosing them from a possible list of instructions called commands that he should know. .

There were two series of commands `` MS-DOS '': internal and external . The first, also called residents, were automatically loaded at the beginning of the operating system of the computer, from a file stored in the name of command.com; For that, it was possible to activate them without having the `` GOD '' in the unit from which they are executed.

The external commands, on the other hand, were stored in specific files of a transient type, but which should be kept on hand to be able to invoke the specific commands. desired

See also: Microsoft Word.

  1. MS-DOS History

The MS-DOS was created as an interface for the IBM PC computers.

The MS-DOS was born in 1981, created as a basic interface for IBM PC personal computers, from a much more primitive previous version known as 86-DOS or QDOS, belonging to Seattle Computer Products. Version 1.0 of the MS-DOS appeared in 1982, along with its version preinstalled on PC products: PC-DOS.

It was used massively until the mid-1990s, when it was replaced by Windows systems; Despite being based on DOS, these last ones offered the user a much nicer graphical interface than the arid DOS commands. Today, much of its structure is preserved in basic and essential processes of some Microsoft Windows systems.

  1. List of basic MS-DOS commands

There were two series of commands, internal and external.

CD .. - Go down a step in the hierarchy of inspected directories or folders.

CD or CHDIR - Allows you to change the present directory to any other specific one.

CLS - Deletes the complete information displayed on the screen, returning to the command prompt .

COPY - Copy a specific file to another specific directory.

DIR - Display the contents of the current directory on the screen. You can control the way it is displayed by additional parameters: / w, / p, etc.

DEL - Deletes a specific file.

FOR - Re - enter a command already used.

MD or MKDIR - Creates a specified directory within the current one.

MEM - Displays the amount of available and used RAM in the system on the screen.

REN or RENAME - Change the name of one file to another that is indicated to the system.

APPEND - Specify the path of a data file or file.

BACKUP - Backup the specified files on the hard drive to a removable memory (floppy disk, CD, etc.).

CHKDSK - Performs a hard disk check and corrects the errors found.

DELTREE - Deletes an entire directory with the subdirectories and files it contains.

DYSKCOPY - Make an identical copy of a floppy disk, using an empty one.

FORMAT - Erases the entire contents of a physical drive (a floppy disk or a hard disk) and recreates the basic file structure it needs to use.

PRINT - Send the printer a timely file.

LABEL - Displays on the screen and allows you to modify the label assigned to a specific disk drive.

MOVE - Change the location of a specific file or directory, or rename its subdirectories.

KEYB - Modify the language assigned to the computer keyboard.

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