• Sunday May 31,2020

Internal Migration

We explain what internal migration is and what are the causes of this displacement. In addition, external migration and some examples.

Internal migration is the movement of people from one place to another in the same region.
  1. What is Internal Migration?

The word ` ` migration '' implies a person or group of people leaving a place of residence and living permanently at another point.

It is known as internal migration to the movement of people from one place to another within the same region .

These migrations can occur due to weather, political or ideological issues. An example of an internal immigration is when someone, born in a village He decides to go to the city (of his own country) in search of job opportunities.

More in: Migration.

  1. Causes of internal migrations

The search for resources for survival is one of the many causes of migration.

The reasons or causes for which internal migrations occur are varied: labor issues, personal freedom, adventure, search for resources for survival, etc.

  1. External or international migration

An external migration or international is one that occurs from a specific geographical point to a different juridically speaking. That is to say, it is a migration from one nation, country to another territory. For example, an external migration is when a person, born in Brazil, moves to another country such as Colombia or Mexico.

  1. Examples of internal migrations

  • The conquest of the American West had as motivators that the inhabitants of various areas went to the American West in search of freedom, wealth, etc.
  • Another example is the jujeño exodus that took place on August 23, 1812 in northern Argentina. On that occasion, the people who inhabited the capital of that province, San Salvador de Jujuy, migrated commanded by Manuel Belgrano since they had the warning of the invasion of the realistic army and wanted to flee so as not to be attacked. Thus said city migrated completely to the neighboring province Tucumán.
  • Another example, in this case of internal migration due to ideological and political issues, was Mao's march . In October 1934, Mao Tse Tung's communist forces were surrounded by an army of 10, 000 men commanded by the nationalist Chiang Kai-shek. Mao's army traveled more than 10, 000 km and traveled 11 provinces to reach Sgensi, a remote northwestern province.
  • In the decade of the 40 in Argentina many workers of the field migrated towards the capital (Buenos Aires) with ends and labor benefits.
  • The rural exodus of Venezuela . In the 60s many farmers migrated internally to the oil fields because of the appearance of this industry in order to find new sources of work.
  • In the decade of the 40, an internal migration took place in Mexico when thousands of workers moved to the city in search of better working conditions, comforts, education, etc. taking advantage of the industrialization boom.
  1. Examples of external migrations

  • Biblical Exodus In the old testament we can see an example of external migration when Egypt leaves for the promised land.
  • Migrations from Europe in the mid-nineteenth century to different parts of North, Central and South America as a political and ideological escape from their native places but also in search of new job opportunities.
  • External migration processes from Syria to Europe. In 2015, the exodus or external migration from Syria to Mediterranean Europe of thousands of people who fled the armed conflict in this country increased.
  • Waves of forced migration by world wars, caused thousands of people to travel to more peaceful destinations (away from their countries at war) in order to flee from that warlike destination.

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