• Saturday June 25,2022


We explain to you what Maximato was in Mexico, its background and its consequences. In addition, who was Plutarco El as Calles.

Plutarco El as Calles was the "Chief of the Mexican Revolution".
  1. What was the Maximato?

It is known as the Maximato to the historical and political period of Mexico between 1928 and 1934. It began with the interim government of Emilio Portes Gil and ended when L zaro C rdenas assumed the presidency. Its name is due to the political influence exercised by Plutarco El as Calles (1877-1945), a politician and military with the informal title of Maximum Chief of the Revolution.

Plutarco El as Calles was a central figure in the post-revolutionary Mexican political history, starting from his formal presidential term between 1924 and 1928. He also had an enormous influence on the post-political governments death of lvaro Obreg n in 1928.

In this political period a single state party was created: the National Revolutionary Party or PNR, under the slogan that whoever wanted the presidential chair, should be formed, as I said Calles himself, who imposed the game rules of the moment.

Thus, Maximato is remembered as the government of a strong man and as the last of the Mexican caudillista governments . In addition, it was, paradoxically, a period in which the revolutionary impulse of social change began to diminish and diminish, partly due to the world economic crisis of 1929 (known as The Great Depression ).

However, the modernizing and institutionalizing effects of this period were an important inheritance for Mexico.

It can serve you: Mexican Revolution

  1. Maximato's Background

Maximato began with the interim government of Emilio Portes Gil.

After the revolution, Mexico debated between various political trends, each with "strong men" of local politics pulling the threads. The most important of them was Álvaro Obregón, a soldier who had participated in the Civil War and was elected president for the period from 1920 to 1924.

As re-election was not possible, as successor he managed to make his dolphin, Plutarco Elías Calles, who ruled between 1924 and 1928 . In his government modern national initiatives proliferated : the Bank of Mexico was created, the road network was expanded, the first national airline was created, the Veterinary Medical School and numerous rural schools were founded.

On the other hand, tensions between the State and the church gave rise to the Cristero War of 1927. Former President Obregón had enormous influence on Mexican policies in Calles, and promoted a modification of the national constitution to allow for reelection. Thus, Álvaro Obregón was reelected in 1928 but failed to assume, as he was killed in July of that year.

Thus, the interim government Emilio Portes Gil (1928-1930), in which Calles was a key actor, even chose to choose the members of his cabinet.

That was the formal start to Maximato, during which they also ruled Pascual Ortiz Rubio (1930-1932), who resigned from office, and Abelardo Rodríguez (1932-1034) as interim president, both governments being subject to the will of Calles as well.

  1. Consequences of Maximato

Maximato was an important industrializing and modernizing force in the country. He openly faced the privileges of the Catholic Church and proceeded to land distribution, land reform and the interconnection of the different corners of Mexico through the road network.

Despite its tendency to centralize power in Calles and the PNR, Maximato bequeathed new institutions to the Republic that put an end to the traditional leader . He left as inheritance a more urban society, more secular and more actively involved in national politics.

  1. End of Maximato

Calles could not manipulate the government of L zaro C rdenas.

Maximato ended in 1934 with the election of L zaro C rdenas for the office of president. The new government was less manipulable by Calles, who at that time was sick of the gallbladder and had to be operated in the United States.

This trend was formalized in 1935, when Céndenas requested the resignation of the entire cabinet of callista affiliation, in a climate of labor confrontations and division in parliament. Finally, Calles was expelled from the country by Cárdenas in 1936, beginning an exile in the United States that lasted until 1941, thus taking away all political influence in the country.

You may be interested: Porfiriato

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