• Tuesday January 25,2022

Time zones

We explain to you what the time zones are and why they are necessary. And as an example, list of time zones around the planet.

Map with the time zones adopted by each country.
  1. What is a time zone?

The time zone is a concept that comes from geography, and that consists of each of the twenty-four chronometric time regions in which our planet is divided . Each of these regions is called hour zone or hour orange and has a specific assigned time, which applies to all populations whose geographic location it shares The same meridian.

Said in simpler terms, it is a division of the planet Earth into spindles (strips, columns) that allows us to calculate the time in each country of the world, adding or subtracting one hour (1 h) according to the number of time zones that separate us from him. For example, if between a country X and a country Y there are three time slots away, it will be necessary to add or subtract three hours while registering the clocks of one, to determine the exact time of the other .

The system arises because the Earth rotates on its axis from west to east, causing the Sun to illuminate one portion while leaving the other in the dark, and a method is necessary to standardize time. Thus arose the Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), corresponding to the meridian zero : that of the Royal Greenwich Observatory in England, United Kingdom (UK).

Said universal time is accepted by convention and serves to determine the others, adding or subtracting hours as they are, respectively, further east or west of this spindle schedule (0). Similarly, meridian 180 is considered in this system the international date change line, that is, the point at which the day ends and a new one is born.

The time zones are a guide, a reference for time management in a world in which we can move quickly through its surface. Each nation on the planet has chosen the time zone to govern, often determined by the one corresponding to its capital.

Some particularly bulky nations handle more than one time zone, such as the United States, Russia, Australia or Canada, as they are crossed by several meridians. In other cases, the nations alternate between one and another time zone, according to the weather station in which they are located, to make the most of the limited or abundant hours of daylight, and thus save electricity.

Time zones are traditionally denoted by the acronym UTC and the corresponding addition or subtraction of the hours of separation from the zero meridian.

It can serve you: Map with the time of each country in real time.

  1. Examples of time zones

Below is a partial list of time zones and the nations that choose them:

  • UTC - 12 . Howland and Baker Islands (United States).
  • UTC - 11 . American Samoa.
  • UTC - 10 . Hawaii, French Polynesia, Cook Islands (New Zealand).
  • UTC - 9:30 . Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia).
  • UTC - 9 . Continental Alaska, Gambier Islands (French Polynesia).
  • UTC - 8 . Canada, United States (west), Mexico.
  • UTC - 7 . Canada, United States (west-central), Mexico.
  • UTC - 6 . Belize, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador (insular), El Salvador, United States (center-east), Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua.
  • UTC - 5 . Bahamas, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Cuba, Ecuador (continental), United States (east), Haiti, Jamaica, Panama, Peru, Cayman Islands.
  • UTC - 4 . Antigua and Barbuda, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Dominican Republic, Dominica, Greenland, Grenada, Guyana, the Netherlands Antilles, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.
  • UTC - 3 . Argentina, Brazil, Chilean Antarctica, Greenland, French Guyana, Falkland Islands, Suriname, Uruguay.
  • UTC - 2 . Brazilian coast, Sandwich Islands (United Kingdom).
  • UTC - 1 . Greenland, Cape Verde, Azores Islands (Portugal).
  • UTC 0 . Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Canary Islands (Spain), Ghana, Ireland, Iceland, Liberia, Morocco, Portugal, United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland), Senegal, Togo.
  • UTC + 1 . Germany, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Belgium, Cameroon, Austria, Spain, Slovenia, Denmark, France, Hungary, Macedonia, Italy, Nigeria, Norway, Netherlands, Czech Republic, Vatican City, Tunisia, Switzerland, Sweden.
  • UTC + 2 . Bulgaria, Botswana, Jordan, Israel, Finland, Egypt, Estonia, Palestine, Namibia, Libya, Rwanda, Romania, Syria, South Africa, Ukraine, Zimbabwe.
  • UTC + 3 . Saudi Arabia, Belarus, Qatar, Ethiopia, Iraq, Kenya, Kuwait, Madagascar, Russia (west), South Sudan, Turkey, Yemen.
  • UTC + 3:30 . Iran.
  • UTC + 4 . Armenia, United Arab Emirates, Russia (center-west), Oman.
  • UTC + 4:30 . Afghanistan.
  • UTC + 5 . Kazakhstan, Pakistan, Maldives, Russia (center-east).
  • UTC + 5:30 . India, Sri Lanka.
  • UTC + 5:45 . Nepal.
  • UTC + 6 . Bangladesh, Kyrgyzstan, Russia (Omsk only).
  • UTC + 6:30 . Cocos Islands (Australia) and Burma.
  • UTC + 7 . Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Mongolia, Russia (east), Thailand, Vietnam.
  • UTC + 8 . Australia (west), Brunei, China, Island Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Russia (far east).
  • UTC + 8:30 . North Korea.
  • UTC + 9 . South Korea, Japan, Palau, East Timor, Russia (yes, it's huge).
  • UTC + 9:30 . Australia (center).
  • UTC + 10 . Australia (east), Micronesia, Russia (insular region).
  • UTC + 11 . Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Russia (far east).
  • UTC + 12 . Fiji, Nauru, New Zealand and the last of Russia.
  • UTC + 13 . Tonga, Tokelau, Samoa.
  • UTC + 14 . Kiribati


Interesting Articles

Dance

Dance

We explain to you what dance is and what are the first historical records of these expressions. Characteristics and types of dances. The dances are characteristic of the culture that performs it. What is Dance? Dance is one of the most ancestral body expressions that characterize the history of the human being

Patriarchal Society

Patriarchal Society

We explain to you what patriarchal society is, how it originated and its relation to machismo. In addition, how it can be fought. In a patriarchal society, men predominate over women. What is a patriarchal society? A patriarchal society is a socio-cultural configuration that gives men dominance, authority and advantages over women , who remains in a relationship of subordination and dependence

Narration

Narration

We explain what the story is and what are the elements that a story should have. In addition, the narrative as a literary genre. A narrative is not necessarily a fiction story. What is Narration? The narrative is a story of real facts or fiction , that is, imaginary, which are carried out by characters within a delimited context (space and time)

External Migration

External Migration

We explain to you what is external migration and what are its causes and consequences. In addition, the types of migration and some examples. Many external migrations are motivated by war conflicts. What is external migration? External migration or international migration is understood as that which comes from countries or regions that are different (and often remote) from those of destination

Paradigm

Paradigm

We explain what a paradigm is and the different processes that must be followed. In addition, its definition in linguistics and social sciences. In linguistics a paradigm is a set of very varied words and in context. What is a paradigm? The concept of paradigm reflects something specific that works as an example to follow

Eclipse

Eclipse

We explain to you what an eclipse is and how this phenomenon occurs. In addition, the differences between a solar eclipse and a lunar eclipse. An eclipse occurs when the light of a star is covered by another. What is an eclipse? An eclipse is an astronomical phenomenon in which the light of an incandescent star, such as the Sun, is completely or partially covered by another opaque star that interposes (known as the eclipsing body ) and whose shadow is projects on planet Earth