• Tuesday January 25,2022

Heterotroph

We explain what a heterotrophic being is, how they can be classified by their preferences and some examples of these living beings.

Heterotrophs are not capable of self-sustaining from inorganic matter.
  1. What is a heterotrophic being?

The known living beings can be classified into two main types, depending on the model of nutrition processes that characterize them: the heter trophes and the aut trophes, that is, those that have nutrition n heterotroph and self-nutrition.

It is known as `` heter 'trophies'' to living beings that are not capable of `` self-sustaining themselves' 'from the inorganic matter of the environment, but need to consume the organic matter of others living beings to be able to nourish and continue living.

In this they distinguish themselves from the autotrophic beings, capable of harnessing energy and inorganic matter to make their food (such as plants, which take advantage of water and sunlight to take photosynthesis) .

In this way, autotrophs are considered producers, while `` heter '' trophies are considered consumers . Without the former, the latter could not exist in the long run, because eventually the living beings to consume will end.

Heterotrophic beings can be classified according to their food preferences into:

  • Herbivores Those who feed mainly on plants and vegetables, floral onctarine fruits, that is, who obtain their organic matter from the plant kingdom.
  • Carnivores . Also known as predators, they feed on the body of other heterotrophs, be they herbivores, smaller carnivores or of any kind. They are the hunters of each habitat, which keep the population growth of their prey at bay.
  • Detrit phagos . The nature recycling department is made up of the detrit fagos, those heterotrophic beings that are responsible for the food waste of the large predators, or the organic matter that falls from trees, in short, from everything that can be considered organic waste matter. Carrier birds, fungi and many insects play this role daily.
  • O m n voros . Those who feed on everything, that is, they can combine food from a different origin in their diet: carnivore, herbivore and even in some cases detritophage. Man is an obvious case of this.

See also: Biotic Factors.

  1. Examples of heterotrophic beings

Heterotrophic beings encompass all animals, fungi and most single-celled organisms. We can offer some examples of this:

  • The big feline predators . Like the tiger, the lion, the panther, the puma or the cheetah, they have an exclusively carnivorous diet, so they must hunt other animals, usually good-sized herbivores.
  • Fish and marine mammals . From the shark to the sardine, from the tuna to the dolphin, life in the sea is a constant eating or being eaten. Large fish devour small ones and feed on their organic matter, and these in turn feed on small crustaceans or plankton.
  • Fungi in their entirety . Although they may not seem so in some cases, fungi are heterotrophic beings halfway between animals and plants. They have body structures similar to the plant kingdom (such as cells with a cell wall) but feed on decomposing organic matter: wood, paint, humus-rich soils, and even the body of other living things.
  • The great African herbivores . Large animals and herbivorous food, such as giraffes, rhinos, elephants, gazelles and others, which are often prey to large predators.
  • The protozoa . These unicellular and microscopic organisms inhabit humid environments and aquatic environments, or within the organism of beings that in some cases parasitize. They feed by phagocytizing other living cells to incorporate them into your body, or by absorbing nutrients through your cell membrane. In some cases they are considered semi-heterotrophic or partially autotrophic, depending on the species.
  • Human beings A clear example of a heterotrophic diet is ours, which ideally combines plant, animal and food from various living things. Although we should also drink water, like the rest of the animals, we cannot subsist on it only.
  • Some bacteria . The kingdom of bacteria is huge and diverse, which includes some autotrophic species (photosynthetic or chemosynthetic) and other heterotrophs, such as those that invade our body in case of infections. These bacteria then feed on our own cells and tissues.
  • Arachnids Spiders, scorpions and centipedes are the creatures that make up this category, which are some of the most fearsome predators in the world of arthropods. Great insect hunters have each developed their strategies to capture their prey, whose internal fluids feed on.

Interesting Articles

Global warming

Global warming

We explain what global warming is, what are its causes and consequences. How to avoid and prevent global warming. This phenomenon gradually generates new deserts on the planet. Global warming It is known as global warming, along with climate change, to one of the greatest ecological concerns of the late twentieth and early twenty-first, consisting of the sustained increase in the average temperature of the planet Earth throughout of a century, which evidences numerous effects on climatic behavior and the average level of ocean waters, given the gradual melting of polar ice

Steps of the scientific method

Steps of the scientific method

We explain to you what the scientific method is and what are its steps. How a scientific investigation is carried out step by step. The scientific method must follow certain steps meticulously. What is the scientific method? The scientific method is a process that pursues the establishment of relations between facts , to state laws that base the functioning of the world

cost

cost

We explain what the cost is and what types of costs exist. Fixed cost and variable cost. Relationship of costs with production. The cost is the direct expense of producing a good or service. What is Cost? Cost, also called cost, is the economic expense caused by the production of some good or the supply of some service

Fermentation

Fermentation

We explain what fermentation is, what are the types of fermentation that can be used and the different uses it has. The fermentation process was discovered by the French chemist Louis Pasteur. What is fermentation? An incomplete oxidation process is called fermentation , which does not require oxygen to take place, and which yields an organic substance as a result

Predator and Prey

Predator and Prey

We explain to you what are predators and prey, what are the differences between predator and predator and examples of predatory animals. The predator hunts the prey to feed on it and thus obtain energy. What are predators and prey? Predation is a key system in the life cycle . It is a mechanism of transmission of carbon and energy, from the simplest forms of life to the most complex, also exerting a pressure on the known species as a natural selection, which is no more than the competition to survive and reproduce, and is one of the most effective engines for evolution

Primary sector

Primary sector

We explain to you what the primary sector is and what are the sectors with which it is completed. In addition, examples of these economic activities. The primary sector is usually part of the economies of developing countries. What is the primary sector? The primary sector is the economic activities that are extracted from nature for the elaboration of raw materials with the objective of being used for direct consumption