• Tuesday July 14,2020


We explain to you what the State is and the capabilities it must have. In addition, its elements and the differences it has with a government.

The State is the entire population of a country.
  1. What is the State?

It is understood as a `` State '' (usually with capital letters) the human organization that covers the entire population of a country, socially structured, pol Ethically and economically through a set of independent and sovereign institutions that regulate life in society.

In other words, a State is equivalent to the set of powers and public bodies that constitute the sovereign government of a nation, and sometimes the term is also used to refer to the nation as a whole : the Argentine State, the Palestinian State, etc. . For an organized human group to be recognized as a State, it must have certain conditions, but also with the international recognition of its peers.

All States, then, must be able to have the capacity to:

  • Externalize its power . That is, to obtain recognition of their peers by force if necessary.
  • Institutionalize your power . This means having coercive institutions that maintain order and consolidate the methods of succession in political power, whatever they may be.
  • Manage a collective identity . The inhabitants of a State must feel part of an organized whole and greater than their own individualities or families, and must share a tradition, a foundational story, a series of national symbols, etc.

See also: Constitutional Law.

  1. Elements of the State

Every state requires autonomy and strength to exercise and defend its decisions.

The elements common to any State are:

  • Population No State exists without a population that integrates it, however large or tiny, or however diverse it may result in cultural, racial or linguistic matters. In fact, there are many plurinational States (several nations organized in the same State), since the important thing is that the residents agree to be governed by the same institutions and share a related political destiny.
  • Territory All States have a territory and borders that define their area of ​​sovereignty and the exercise of law, that of neighboring States. This territory is yours to administer, assign, protect or exploit economically in the way that best suits you, as long as you do not put the neighboring territories in check.
  • Government Every State must have firm and lasting institutions to manage life in society, as well as authorities to govern them and sovereign methods to decide who will exercise said authority in their territory. Said government shall exercise the policy and administration of the State for a defined period of time based on the legal, cultural and political rules of the population.
  • Sovereignty No State exists if another takes its decisions for it, so every state requires autonomy and strength to exercise and defend its decisions. If we do not own it, we can face a colony, an associated State or other forms of domination of one State over another.
  1. Rule of law

The rule of law is governed by a constitution.

It is called the rule of law to a particular system of a country, in which all kinds of conflict and social, legal or political procedure is resolved in accordance with the provisions of a Magna Carta, that is, a constitution.

The Constitution includes the rules of the game for the operation of a particular State, including the powers and limitations of State forces, the rights and obligations of citizens, and therefore all who do life in that country must voluntarily submit to the law enshrined in that text.

It is an indispensable condition for the existence of a rule of law that all citizens are equal before the law, enjoy the same rights and duties, be legally evaluated with the same scale and that the institutions operate in accordance with the law.

More in: Rule of Law.

  1. Nation and government

In the same State there may be different nations or peoples.

Terms like State, nation and government are often confused. The distinction between a State, as we have defined in this article, and a nation or a government lies in:

  • Governments are managements of the resources and institutions of the State, which vary according to the political and legal rules of a country, and then assign the turn to other political actors to exercise its own government, without normally implying drastic changes in the structure of the State. Governments pass and are constituted by an elected or dominant political class; the states, on the other hand, are durable and cover the total population of a country. The sum of all public assets therefore equals the State, not the government.
  • Nations, on the other hand, are groups of people who share historical, cultural, sometimes ethnic, usually linguistic links, and who recognize themselves as a collective, whether whether or not they have their own State to administer. The concept of nation is similar to that of pueblo ”: in the same State there may be different nations or peoples, as is the case of the Plurinational State of Bolivia, composed of a mixed population of diverse ethnic groups or indigenous nations.

See more: Government.

Interesting Articles

Vegetable Cell

Vegetable Cell

We explain what a plant cell is, how it is classified and the parts that compose it. In addition, its functions and what is an animal cell. A plant cell is differentiable from an animal, despite being both eukaryotes. What is a plant cell? A plant cell is one that composes plant tissues and other life forms capable of taking photosynthesis, which are commonly grouped under the term of life



We explain what Spam is and for what purpose this type of malicious messages acts. In addition, the different ways to prevent and combat it. Usually, spam is a message with advertising content. What is Spam? The term `` Spam '' is an English word that refers to `` junk mail '' or `` junk Internet messaging , that is: unsolicited, unwanted and / or sender messages unknown , sent in large quantities and usually with advertising content



We explain what a merchant is and the history of the emergence of commerce. Commercial law, rights and obligations of the merchant. The merchant has a series of rights and obligations. What is a Merchant? The merchant understands is a person who is engaged in negotiating buying and selling different merchandise such as economic activity, business, trade or profession

Inorganic Matter

Inorganic Matter

We explain what organic matter is and some examples. What is organic matter and its differences with inorganic matter. Inorganic matter is not a product of the chemical reactions of life. What is inorganic matter? When we talk about inorganic matter we refer to all those chemical compounds in whose molecular structure carbon is not the central atom , and therefore they are not closely linked with the chemical of life (organic chemistry), neither are biodegradable, nor generally combustible or volatile



We explain to you what a saying is and some short sayings spread in the Spanish language. In addition, some popular sayings. Some sayings offer a solution to deal with dilemmas or complicated moments. What is a refrain? A saying is a saying or phrase that expresses a teaching or moral , often formulated with a rhyme or some other literary figure

Administrative Direction

Administrative Direction

We explain to you what is the administrative direction, what are its stages and classification. In addition, its principles and why it is important. The administrative management ensures that the objectives set in advance are met. What is the administrative address? In business administration, it is known as an address (or directly as an administrative address), one of the most important stages of the administrative process , in which the knowledge acquired is applied to take carry out relevant decision making