We explain to you what the disease is and what is the history of the emergence of this profession. In addition, famous historical nurses.
What is sick?
Nursing is a profession that includes the attention, autonomous care and collaboration of human health . Nurses are dedicated, in broad strokes, to treating the potential or actual health problems that a person presents.
Florence Nightingale promoted the first theory of the disease approximately 150 years ago, from which new models emerge, each having a different philosophy of how to understand the disease There is the care given to the patient. In 1852 it was the beginning of professional nursing, because through the publication of the book "Nursing Notes" by Nightingale, nurses began to feel an interest s for acquiring technical knowledge about your profession.
Nursing, today, is a career at the university level that is dedicated to the care and care of medical patients. There is another profession within the nursing career that performs functions that complete those of the nurse, and is the job of a technician in nursing care, more commonly called auxiliary of sick .
See also: Teacher.
- Florence Nightingale: She is considered the mother of the modern nurse. He promoted the care of the environment to provide a speedy recovery of the sick.
- Marianne Cope: Opened and directed the first hospitals in North America, implementing new cleaning standards that intervened in the development of the US hospital system.
- Dorothea Orem: She was the author of the self-care deficit theory.
- Hildegard Peplau: He wrote "Interpersonal Relations in Nursing" in 1952.
- Callista Roy: He wrote "Introduction to Nursing: An adaptation model" in 1976.
- Jean Watson: Author of philosophical curative factors in 1975 and of " The theory of Human Caring ."
- Martha Rogers: His theory of unitary human beings exposes that the human being is more than the sum of his parts and that he owns feelings and ideas.
- San Juan de Dios: He was founder of the Hospital Order of San Juan de Dios.
History of nursing
In ancient times and contrary to the thinking of most people, the nursing profession was practiced by men for much of history. When the first nursing school was opened in India in 250 BC, only men were considered just "pure" to learn the profession.
The origin of patient care and nursing practice has to do with maternal interventions, who assured the continuity of life. Feeding in the early stages of a child's life is considered the oldest care practice in an individual.
At the time of the great Greek thinkers like Socrates or Homer, it was already imposed that the act of cleaning and self-care of people kept them alive and gave them a better quality of it.
Christianity was strongly linked to the practice of nursing care in monasteries through religious orders. As a result of the Crusades, the strong demand for hospitals promoted the creation of military orders that were dedicated exclusively to nursing, among them were the Teutonic Knights, the Knights of Lazarus and the Knights Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem. The Bishop Masona Hospital (6th century) was the first Spanish hospital dedicated solely to the care of the sick.