• Sunday August 7,2022

Kinetic Energy

We explain what kinetic energy is. In addition, the difference between potential energy and kinetic energy, and some examples.

Kinetic energy is the energy that prints the movement on the object.
  1. What is kinetic energy?

The kinetic energy is that energy that has a body or system due to its movement .

Physics defines it as the amount of work necessary to accelerate a body of a certain mass and in a resting position, until reaching a certain speed. Once this point has been reached, according to the Law of inertia, the amount of accumulated kinetic energy will remain identical unless a change in speed occurs or the body returns to its resting state, after suffering a negative work of the same magnitude.

Kinetic energy is often represented by the symbol E c (it may be E + or E -, depending on the case), although sometimes the symbols T are also used or K. It is usually expressed in Joules (J).

It is possible to determine the kinetic energy of an object by means of various formulas in classical mechanics, such as: E c = (mv 2 ) / 2 where m is the mass ( Kg) of the object and v its velocity (m / s). Thus, 1 J = 1Kg. 1m 2 / s 2 .

However, being related to speed, in relativistic mechanics it will not only depend on the nature of the object, but also on its relationship with the observer and with the inertial system reference. On a Cartesian plane, the formula would be as follows: E c = [m. (X 2 + Y 2 + Z 2 )] / 2.

In any case, this energy can be understood as the energy that prints the movement on the object, and can easily be transformed into heat or other forms of energy.

In addition: Electric power.

  1. Types of kinetic energy

There are no proper types of kinetic energy, however, each particular approach to physics presents its own perspective on it, for example:

  • In classical mechanics. Kinetic energy is understood according to different reference systems, particle systems or rigid solids in rotation. Each of them represents a specific case with specific calculation formulas and variables to consider.
  • In relativistic mechanics. The mechanics influenced by the Theory of relativity considers the kinetic energy based on two scenarios: the kinetic energy of a particle and that of a solid in rotation.
  • In quantum mechanics. The mechanics of atomic particles take into account kinetic energy based on quantum particles (smaller than an atom) and rigid solids formed by infinite numbers of particles.
  1. Difference between potential energy and kinetic energy

The kinetic energy (E c ) and the potential energy (E p ), added together, make up the mechanical energy (E m ) of an object or system . However, they are distinguished in that while the first concerns the moving bodies, the second has to do with the amount of energy accumulated within an object at rest.

That said, the potential energy depends on how the object or system is positioned relative to the field of forces around it, while the kinetics has to do with the movements it undertakes.

There are three types of potential energy:

  • Gravitational potential energy . Linked to the height at which the objects are and the attraction of gravity on their bodies.
  • Elastic potential energy It has to do with the tendency of certain objects to recover their original form, once they have been forced by an external force to abandon it.
  • Electric potential energy . It refers to the amount of work contained in a given electric field, when an electric charge inside it goes from a point in the field to infinity.

See more: Potential Energy.

  1. Examples of kinetic energy

When a ball falls it acquires kinetic energy.

Some examples where the kinetic energy is verified can be:

  • Throw a ball through the air . We print force on a ball to throw it into the air, letting it fall by gravity. In doing so, he will acquire a kinetic energy that, when another player stops him, he must compensate with a job of equal magnitude, if he wants to stop it and retain it.
  • A roller coaster car . A classic example: the wagon of a Russian mountain of an amusement park will present a potential energy until the moment it starts to fall, and its speed and mass print it a growing kinetic energy. The latter will be greater if the car is full than if it is empty (there is more mass).
  • Knock someone down . If we run to a friend and throw ourselves on him, the kinetic energy we gain during the race will overcome the inertia of his body and we will tear it down. In the fall, both bodies will add the combined kinetic energy and finally it will be the ground that stops the movement.

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