• Thursday July 9,2020

Terrestrial ecosystem

We explain what a terrestrial ecosystem is and the main characteristics of this biome. In addition, how it is classified and examples.

Terrestrial ecosystems take place on firm ground and in the air.
  1. What is a terrestrial ecosystem?

It is called terrestrial ecosystems those that take place on the firm ground and in the air, or in geographical accidents (mountains, etc.), places where they find everything They need to be born, grow and reproduce.

They differ from aquatic and mixed ecosystems in that they do not have a predominance of large bodies of water, such as lakes, rivers or seas. Even so, they have different ranges of rainfall, depending on their geographical and climatic characteristics.

The terrestrial fauna, thus, has adapted millions of years ago to the stiffness of the soil and the drought of the air (compared to the water where it originated), by means of solid limbs to walk, instead of swimming, and skins with the ability to wet your own, so as not to dry out. Flying, terrestrial and underground animals cohabit in terrestrial ecosystems .

Similarly, these ecosystems are some of the most affected by pollution and the incidence of human activities, such as logging, urban sprawl or waste accumulation. lidos

It can serve you: Jungle.

  1. Characteristics of a terrestrial ecosystem

Life on earth has a greater presence of light and cleanliness of the environment.

Water is a factor of capital importance for life in terrestrial ecosystems, since they only receive it from the rain, which in some environments can be very scarce.

However, life on earth has other advantages such as the greater presence of light and the cleanliness of the environment, as well as huge platforms where plant life grows to heights and a great climatic and topographic diversity.

At the same time, in terrestrial ecosystems the wind is the main agent of erosion, as well as transport of certain species, and in them the plant life coexists with the animal, the fungal, the microbiological and the amphibious. In the jungles, for example, biodiversity reaches some of its greatest known limits.

  1. Types of terrestrial ecosystems

Terrestrial ecosystems are abundant, and can be classified according to their climatic characteristics and the abiotic factors present in them:

  • Aggregates Those of low incidence of precipitation and therefore enormous drought, with high temperatures during the day and low at night (or low and even lower, such as the Antarctic polar desert) and difficult conditions for life. There is usually little vegetation and very specialized life to the conditions.
  • Meadows Ecosystems of low vegetation and usually in plains, flooding or not during the rainy season, in which animal life abounds and there is usually great climatic variation during the seasons.
  • Jungle They usually have large accumulations of dense vegetation, large, with very low undergrowth and huge accumulations of organic matter. They are hot springs of life, with thousands of species of all kinds and hot and humid climatic cycles, usual in Ecuador.
  • Mountainous Usually mixed, combining other ecosystems but tending towards the arid as it rises in the mountain, given the drop in oxygen and temperatures.
  1. Examples of terrestrial ecosystem

The deserts currently occupy a third of the planet Earth in total.

Some terrestrial ecosystems are:

  • Warm deserts Arid ecosystems par excellence, with xerophytic vegetation adapted to extreme daytime heat and very little precipitation, but with a very particular fauna that takes refuge from heat as much as possible. They currently occupy a third of the planet Earth in total.
  • Tropical rainforest Located in the regions of the equator of America and Africa, these are huge agglomerations of plant and animal life, in closed habitats and abundant rainfall. They usually occur in hot regions, with no seasons beyond a dry season and a rainy season. They are the regions with the most biodiversity on the planet.
  • Grasslands. Also called grasslands or grasslands, they are ecosystems in which a herbaceous vegetation predominates, that is, low-lying grasses. They usually occur in places of low rainfall and temperate temperatures, with intense summers and cold winters.
  • Taiga Also called boreal forest or coniferous forest, these are large closed formations of high vegetation, considered the largest forest mass on the planet. They are located in the cold areas of northern Russia and Siberia, in northern Canada and Europe, and have temperatures of 19 ° C in summer and -30 ° C in winter, it is that is to say, a huge thermal variation. Its fauna is composed of small mammals and land predators, mainly.

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