• Wednesday May 27,2020

Cognitive development

We explain what cognitive development is and what Piaget's theory consists of. In addition, the four stages of cognitive development.

Cognitive development has its beginning in early childhood.
  1. What is cognitive development?

When we talk about cognitive development, we refer to the various stages that consolidate the innate capacity of the human being to think, reason and use their mental tools. It is a gradual process, which has its beginnings in early childhood, and that It motivates the individual's desire to understand their environment and integrate into society.

Scholars of this process separate and delimit their progressive stages, in order to understand at what point in life certain mental skills are acquired.In this, the objective conditions (physical, social, intervene), emotional) in which the individual develops. This specific growth of abilities is known as cognitive learning .

In describing these stages, various scholars such as Jean Piaget, Toldan, Gestalt and Bandura have proposed their approaches to a scientific system that understands them. The best known is perhaps the theory of cognitive development of the Swiss Piaget, which serves as the basis for various educational approaches focused on the enrichment of the children's experience or the Open education.

Piaget's theories contributed not only in this field, but also in the understanding of human intelligence, learning and the various forms of thinking.

See also: Psychology.

  1. Piaget's theory

From two to seven years the child learns to assume fictitious roles.

Piaget proposed his theory about the nature and development of human intelligence in the mid-twentieth century, and revolutionized the understanding we had about it. According to his postulates, cognitive development occurs through a series of different and recognizable stages, which begin in childhood and require the perception, adaptation and manipulation of the environment, as the infant actively explores the world.

The four stages of cognitive development proposed by Piaget are:

  • Sensory -motor or sensiomotor stage . The initial phase of the process, which begins the birth and culminates the appearance of simple articulated language (towards two years of age). It is an exploratory stage, in which the individual tries to collect as much as possible from their interaction with the environment, whether through games, movements that are not always voluntary, and an egocentric consideration of the universe divided between the "I" of the subject and "the environment". At this stage it is also learned that the objects of the world, even if they are not clearly differentiated, remain even if we are not seeing them.
  • Preoperational stage This second stage takes place between the ages of two and seven, and is characterized by the learning of fictitious roles, that is, the possibility of putting oneself in the place of another, of acting and of using objects of a symbolic nature. Abstract thinking is still difficult, as is logical thinking, and instead magical thinking is frequent.
  • Stage of concrete operations . Between seven and twelve years of age, this is the stage in which logical thinking begins to lead to valid conclusions, even if they cost even the most complex degrees of abstraction. Some tendency to self-centeredness in the individual is lost.
  • Stage of formal operations . The last of the stages of cognitive development, between twelve years and adulthood, is the period in which the individual acquires the ability to handle abstract thinking, being able to obtain valid conclusions from completely hypothetical situations, not lived, achieving thus think about thinking, that is, reaching metaphysical thinking and deductive hypothetical reasoning.

We must note that, although they are explained linearly, these stages do not occur separately from each other, nor as perfectly defined steps, but that the transit between one and the other is diffuse, varying according to the case.


Interesting Articles

Food chain

Food chain

We explain what a food chain is and the links that make it up. In addition, how are the aquatic and terrestrial chains. Food chains are the passage of matter and energy from one organism to another. What is a food chain? The food chain is the process by which nutrients are transferred between the different species that make up a biological community

Freedom

Freedom

We explain what freedom and debauchery are. What are the types of freedom and their limits. What is negative and positive freedom. «It is only worthy of freedom who knows how to conquer it every day.» Goethe (1749-1832) What is Freedom? The concept of freedom comes from the Latin word liber , which means that person who has an active procreation spirit.

Orion Nebula

Orion Nebula

We explain to you what the Orion Nebula is, some of its characteristics and how was its discovery of this nebula. The name of the Orion Nebula comes from the constellation where it is located. What is the Orion Nebula? It is known as the Orion Nebula, also called Messier 42, M42 or NGC-1976, one of the brightest nebulae that exist in the sky observable from Earth, located just in the constellation In Ori n, about 1270 to 1276 light years from our planet

Microsoft Word

Microsoft Word

We explain what Word is and what it is for. Why is it so useful to write texts on the PC? Functions and characteristics. The Word comes from the hand of IBM in 1981. What is Microsoft Word? Microsoft Word is a computer software text processor , of the most used when working with digital documents today

Misanthropy

Misanthropy

We explain to you what misanthropy is and the origin of the term. In addition, what it is and its possible repercussions for humanity. Misanthropy is an aversion to human beings. What is misanthropy? The word `` half-man '' comes from the Greek words `` miso ( io ) and anthropos ( humanity ), so that when used we refer to a general, social and psychological attitude, of antipathy or aversion towards human beings

Community

Community

We explain what a community is and what its characteristics are. In addition, the types of communities and the Max Weber approach. Communities share values ​​and customs. What is community? A community is a group of individuals, whether human or animal , who have in common various elements, such as the territory they inhabit, tasks, values, roles, language or religion. n.