We explain what technical knowledge is, what it is used for, its characteristics and examples. In addition, its importance in a company.
What is technical knowledge?
The type of applied knowledge that commonly implies manual and intellectual skills, as well as the use of tools and other secondary knowledge, is known as technical or simply technical knowledge. Its name comes from the Greek Techn , which means oficio .
This type of knowledge is characteristic of the human being and arises from the need to alter the environment to make it more habitable . To adapt the world to our needs, technology and science are currently combined, that is, technology is used.
Technical knowledge can be applied to various areas of knowledge and life of the human being, from the use of tools, repair, the implementation of systems, to the various forms of art: the great painters of history, for example, have innovated in the pictorial techniques of their time.
Like many other forms of knowledge, technical knowledge must be learned, that is, it is not innate to the human being. Therefore, it often requires teaching, formal and / or informal, at the hands of someone who already knows the technique to learn.
It differs from scientific knowledge in that it does not necessarily come from theorizing and experimentation, nor does it intend to explain the way in which reality operates. Simply look for the way in which we can manipulate nature for our specific benefit.
It can serve you: Human development
Examples of technical knowledge
Some simple examples of technical knowledge are:
- The use of algorithms, formulas or calculation devices.
- Plumbing, electricity and masonry, among other urban techniques.
- Appliance repair.
- The tuning of musical instruments.
Characteristics of technical knowledge
Technical knowledge aims to solve problems by using or adapting human tools to the modification of reality, all with a predetermined practical purpose. Techniques are the object of study of technology, and are one of the main allies of science.
Science, technology and technology often converge in the creation of artificial objects to solve specific problems. Finally, the performance of an individual in the application of technical knowledge will always depend on their understanding of it. It also depends on other physical talents such as dexterity, skill or strength .
Technical knowledge in a company
Companies and organizations in general value the specialized technical knowledge of their staff as one of their fundamental assets. Therefore, they often invest capital in the technical training of their workers, so that they can face the various problems and challenging situations that may arise as part of the work.
Its importance is particularly widespread in terms of technologies, rather than techniques. In contemporary times, the management of complex tools and applied theoretical knowledge is an imperative need, much more than knowing how to use tools, as it was during the beginnings of the industrial world.
Continue with: Efficiency, efficiency and productivity
Other types of knowledge
Other forms of knowledge are:
- Scientific knowledge . Use the scientific method to check the different hypotheses that arise from the observation of reality. Its objective is to demonstrate through experiments what are the laws that govern the universe.
- Empirical knowledge . It comes from direct experience, repetition or participation, without the abstract being necessary, but based on the things themselves.
- Philosophical knowledge It follows from human thought, in the abstract. Use logical or formal reasoning methods. It is not always clear directly from reality, but from the imaginary representation of the real.
- Intuitive knowledge . The one that is acquired without a formal reasoning, quickly and unconsciously, the result of often inexplicable processes.
- Religious knowledge . Study the link between the human being and the divine and is usually based on dogmas.
Continue with: Theory of knowledge