We explain what popular knowledge is, how it is learned, its function and other characteristics. In addition, other types of knowledge.
What is popular knowledge?
By popular knowledge or common knowledge we understand that type of knowledge that does not come from formal and academic sources, as with institutional knowledge (science, religion, etc.), nor do they have an author. to determined.
They belong to the commons of society and are acquired directly from the experience of the world, the result of custom, of the common sense of community life. In other words, they learn spontaneously, naturally.
In a way, popular knowledge and vulgar knowledge would become more or less synonymous: both are forms of unofficial knowledge, which does not require logical, experimental, or argumentative demonstrations. rational .
However, it is possible that the term popular also understand ancestral knowledge, of tribal or local origin, transmitted from one generation to another orally. They are marginal knowledge regarding written, academic and scientific knowledge.
Popular knowledge can operate as a tool of mutual understanding between individuals belonging to different communities . It can also provide a common ground to form a joint identity, especially when it refers to stories, myths and beliefs, in which there are usually fragments of a shared historical truth.
It can serve you: technical knowledge
Characteristics of popular knowledge
Popular knowledge is transmitted socially and communally, or from the direct experience of the world. Therefore, it does not require studies or preparation, nor can it be administered by a group, as is the case with institutional knowledge.
On the other hand, it may have limited validity in cases where the community, or geographic region is changed, since it is basically a social construction. However, it should not be confused with common sense, which is a related logic more or less widespread within society or some group within it.
Examples of popular knowledge
Some examples of popular knowledge are:
- Gender roles, that is, what is understood within a given community that are the typical tasks of a man and a woman, or a single, married man and woman, etc.
- The rules of seduction and courtship, which in addition to popular, vary generationally and are not written anywhere.
- The identity stories of a community, such as epics, cosmologies and even urban legends.
Differences with scientific knowledge
Unlike popular knowledge and other forms of informal knowledge, scientific knowledge requires validation, demonstration and specialized dissemination .
In fact, to obtain popular knowledge you only need to belong to a certain community, even temporarily. On the contrary, scientific knowledge is reserved for those initiated in a formal way of technical and highly specialized learning, since it is not understandable by anyone naturally.
For example, anyone can know more or less when it rains in a given region, since custom and experience allow it. On the other hand, a specialist in climatology can explain these phenomena and even make climatic predictions, since it is his area of scientific expertise and he has the conceptual tools for it.
See also: Technique
Other types of knowledge
Other forms of knowledge are:
- Scientific knowledge It is derived from the application of the scientific method. It begins with hypotheses that arise from the observation of reality, in order to demonstrate through experiments what are the laws that govern the universe.
- Empirical knowledge . It is acquired through direct experience, repetition or participation. It does not require an approximation of the abstract, but arises from the observation of the things themselves.
- Philosophical knowledge It follows from human thought, in the abstract. It employs various logical or formal reasoning methods, which does not always follow directly from reality, but from the imaginary representation of the real.
- Intuitive knowledge . It is acquired without a formal reasoning. It arises quickly and unconsciously, the result of often inexplicable processes.
- Religious knowledge . It is linked to the mystical and religious experience. They are knowledge that study the link between the human being and the divine.