• Tuesday April 7,2020

Empirical Knowledge

We explain to you what empirical knowledge is, its characteristics, types and examples. In addition, its relationship with scientific knowledge.

Empirical knowledge is obtained by direct perception of the world.
  1. What is empirical knowledge?

Empirical knowledge is that obtained through direct experience or perception of the real world, without going through abstractions or imaginations. It is the knowledge that tells us what the world is like, what things exist and what are its characteristics.

This type of knowledge is the basis of materialistic approaches to reality, that is, of those who seek to understand what there is from what there is. It is essential for the appearance of the notion of science and scientific thought, as opposed to religious and philosophical knowledge.

There are two types of empirical knowledge, which are:

  • Particular, that which refers to specific cases of reality, without being able to guarantee that what has been learned applies to all cases in general.
  • Contingent, the one that attributes characteristics to an object that, however, may lack them in the future.

It can serve you: Theory of knowledge

  1. Characteristics of empirical knowledge

The different authors who define this type of knowledge agree that their fundamental characteristic is their direct link with everyday life, with the experience of the world and with life itself.

In that sense, the empirical knowledge does not come from a formative or educational process, nor from the action of a conscious and analytical reflection, but it is about the experience processed and converted directly in knowing. Observation, repetition, trial and error are the usual ways of acquiring it .

On the other hand, the senses are a key element in the acquisition of empirical knowledge. You cannot learn empirically something that cannot be perceived, or something that is so abstract that requires mental processes other than our five senses.

  1. Examples of empirical knowledge

We know that fire burns because we have felt its heat as we approach.

Some simple examples of empirical knowledge are:

  • Knowing the fire, one of the first lessons of any small child, summarized in which fire burns, something that needs to be experienced in its own flesh to incorporate it into the organized knowledge of the world.
  • Learn to walk, ride a bike or use a skateboard, things that usually have a single way of learning: practice.
  • The acquisition of new languages, which implies rational and empirical knowledge, the latter key to learning the language: constant exercise.
  1. Differences with scientific knowledge

Although empirical knowledge and the doctrine of empiricism were key in the philosophical emergence of the concept of science, empirical and scientific knowledge are not comparable, although both have to do with the perception of reality.

To begin with, scientific knowledge is based on concrete hypotheses, linked or not to the empirical, that aspire to become an explanation of the real world, something that empirical knowledge does not offer.

On the other hand, scientific knowledge must be verified by a specific method of demonstrations and essays, while the empirical responds to the bare experience of the world.

For example: it is a verifiable fact that from time to time it rains, we know it empirically. But it is scientific knowledge to know why it rains and how it rains, or what role rain plays in the hydrological cycle. And we cannot know the latter with simple experience, but we require specialized abstract knowledge, that is, scientific.

  1. Other types of knowledge

Other types of knowledge are:

  • Religious knowledge . One who is linked to the mystical and religious experience, that is, to the knowledge that studies the link between the human being and God or the supernatural.
  • Scientific knowledge The one that derives from the application of the scientific method to the different hypotheses that arise from the observation of reality. Try to demonstrate through experiments what are the laws that govern the universe.
  • Intuitive knowledge . The one that is acquired without a formal reasoning. It is fast and unconscious, the result of often inexplicable processes.
  • Philosophical knowledge He who emerges from human thought, in the abstract, using various logical or formal reasoning methods for it, which does not always follow directly from reality, but from the imaginary representation of the real.

Continue with: Natural Sciences

Interesting Articles

to love

to love

We explain what love is and what are the different types of love. In addition, why it is so important and what this feeling implies. Love is a union that is not material, but spiritual. What is love? Love is the supreme feeling. Love is not just about affinity, or chemistry between two people, love is feeling respect, connection, freedom to be together with another person

Feminist movement

Feminist movement

We explain what the feminist movement is, its history and the characteristics of this position. Also, what it is to be a feminist. Feminism aspires to claim women's rights. What is the feminist movement? When we talk about the feminism or feminist movement, we refer to a diverse set of positions and models of critical thinking of a political, economic, cultural and social nature , which they have in common their aspiration for the claim of women's rights and the conquest of an equal role with respect to men in the different aspects of society



We explain to you what a slide is and how it was known in ancient times. In addition, some of the features and uses it presents. In the old days the slide was known as a positive photograph. What is Slide? When submitting a job for your school or university, a work report that contains fundamental data on a topic to be discussed or the simple need to do something that can be seen by one or more spectators, investing your time creating a Slide series is a highly recommended option



We explain what a habitat is, what types exist and describe the habitats of the wood and jaguar. In addition, what is an ecological niche. A habitat has the appropriate conditions for the development of a species. What is a habitat? A habitat is the physical place where a certain community of organisms inhabits , be they animals, fungi, plants or even microorganisms (micro-habitat)



We explain what a conclusion is and what it is for. In addition, what are the steps to make an effective conclusion. It is an argument logically derived from the premises evaluated. What is a conclusion? The conclusion, as indicated by its name, derived from the Latin conclusion or (literally close or final ), is the last part of an argument, a study or a dissertation



We explain to you what is genetics, what is its history and why it is so important. In addition, what is human genetics and genetic inheritance. DNA is a cpaz na protein to create exact copies of itself. What is genetics? Genetics is a branch of biology that studies how physical characteristics and traits are transmitted from one generation to another