• Saturday June 25,2022

Cognitive

We explain what cognitive is and what cognitive psychology implies. In addition, its weak points, and differences with behaviorism.

Cognitive psychology analyzes how knowledge is produced.
  1. What is cognitive?

The word cognitive comes from the cognitive cognoscere, which means knowing . Thus, both cognitive psychology and cognitive processes refer to the ability to know through the senses and the reason that all individuals possess.

The term cognitive is used to refer to everything that is related to cognition . Cognition is the set of processes and mechanisms that allow the individual to process certain information, either through the senses or the experience, although both are usually required.

See also: Psychopedagogy.

  1. Cognitive psychology

Cognitive psychology is interested in memory and perception.

Cognitive psychology is the branch of psychology that is responsible for the different forms of knowledge ; how these are produced and what are the factors that influence the process, among many other areas.

Among the main interests of cognitive psychology are memory and perception, both of which are closely related to the learning itself.

He had strong influences from different branches of psychology, mainly from the Behavioral School, from whom he takes much of his concepts but reformulated. As for his ideas of perception and memory, we can notice a strong imprint of the Gestalt School, which specialized in perception as a phenomenon of interest to psychology. He was also strongly influenced by linguistics, and to a lesser extent by other areas of the humanistic sciences.

The interest of cognitive psychology is unfolded: on the one hand we have the subject that knows, and on the other hand what that same subject does with the information. This seems to divide the subject into two:

  • Passive subject, who faces the world and receives information, through the senses and experience;
  • Active subject, which processes this information and then be re-elaborated under the structural and cognitive frameworks of each individual.

These cognitive structural characteristics that we all possess have an inherited character; It is at this point that we find a strong positivist imprint.

  1. Origins and differences with behaviorism

Cognitive psychology found its emergence after World War II, to have its peak during the seventies and continue in force today. As we said before, one of the main influences of the cognitive was behaviorism, although we found some differences between them.

As a first step, it would be convenient to expose the axis that articulates the entire cognitive theory: the computational metaphor. This is mainly due to the emergence of computers and the fascination that this generated worldwide.

According to the defenders of the cognitive current, there are deep similarities between the functioning of the mind and a computer : both process information, input (output) or output (output) in the form of symbols. Mathematics appears as the language under which our mind is structured, just like a computer.

However, as we said previously, there are differences with behaviorism.

  • Among them the computational metaphor complicates the classic stimulus-response model, so classic in behaviorism.
  • On the other hand, at an epistemological level we can affirm that behaviorism has strong empiricist roots (of a rather classical nature), and as such they defend the inductive position.
  • Cognitive psychologists were strongly driven by rationalism, both for denying mental explanations (something that behaviorists admit), and for their rejection of classical induction. A crucial difference with behaviorism is that the psychological phenomena are no longer observable in themselves, but are the manifestation of cognitive processes internal to the subject.

See more: Behaviorism.

  1. Weak points of cognitive theory

Cognitive psychology neglects any subjective characteristics of the individual.

Cognitive theory proved to have several weak points.

  • Among them we find its innatist character, a point strongly debated by ethology, by demonstrating that not all behavior is acquired.
  • On the other hand, we note the clearly behavioral limitation of reducing psychology to mere cognitive phenomena. This has serious consequences, since it totally ignores any subjective characteristic of the individual, such as passions, emotions, among many others.
  1. Exponents of cognitive theory

Among his main figures are Noam Chomsky, considered one of the greatest linguists of the twentieth century, still valid, Norber Weiner, considered one of the first to radically deepen the cyber metaphor Ethics and Von Bertanlaffy, among many others. It is considered the paradigm of current psychology, with many reformulations and variations throughout its short but more than vast history.

Interesting Articles

Learning

Learning

We explain what learning is and what learning in psychology refers to. In addition, how it is classified and learning theories. Learning is the process of forming experience and adapting it for future occasions. What is learning? Learning is understood as the process through which the human being acquires or modifies his abilities, skills, knowledge or behaviors, as a result of direct experience, study, observation, reasoning or the instruction

Multimedia

Multimedia

We explain what multimedia is and what resources it uses. In addition, the advancement of multimedia data. The different devices that allow you to communicate a multimedia presentation. What is Multimedia? The term multimedia comes from the English word and refers to all types of devices that provide information through the use of several media at the same time

Allahu Akbar

Allahu Akbar

We explain what allahu akbar is and what are the different meanings of this term. In addition, how is your pronunciation. Allahu Akbar literally translates as "God is the greatest." What is Allahu Akbar? Allahu akbar is an expression of faith belonging to the Islamic religion , often found in mosque inscriptions and prayer books, but also used as an informal exclamation Of surprise, glad or approval

Character

Character

We explain what character and temperament are. Difference between character and personality. Examples and types of character. The character is just one of the elements that make up the personality. What is the character? When we talk about the character , we refer to the way in which an individual usually reacts to certain types of stimuli or certain situations, considered as typical of a profile, characterization or inclination within which fit other individuals too

Phytoplankton

Phytoplankton

We explain what phytoplankton is and how this organism is fed. In addition, why is it so important and what is zooplankton. Phytoplankton is composed of bacteria, cyanobacteria, algae and diatoms. What is phytoplankton? Let's start by defining the plankton: an enormously diverse set of microscopic organisms that float in the fresh and salty waters of the planet , extremely abundant in the first 200 meters of water depth and food source of numerous marine species

Chemical Substances

Chemical Substances

We explain what chemical substances are, how they are classified and some examples. In addition, hazardous chemicals. Each chemical has a fixed chemical composition. What are the chemicals? A chemical substance or chemical species is understood as a type of matter that is chemically homogeneous and defined , that is, it has a fixed chemical composition