• Tuesday April 7,2020

Temperate Forest

We explain what the temperate forest is, its flora, fauna, relief and other characteristics. In addition, where it is located.

The temperate forest has five layers of vegetation from the ground to 60 feet tall.
  1. What is the temperate forest?

Temperate forests are, as the name implies, the characteristic forests of the temperate climate regions of the two hemispheres of the planet. Its climate is characterized by an average annual temperature of 18 C and average rainfall between 600 mm and 2000 mm per year.

However, their specific conditions vary greatly between stations and geographical locations. In other words, they are very diverse in nature, although they tend to be very moist (between 60 and 80% constant).

They are organized based on five layers of vegetation :

  • An initial layer of mosses and lichens, at ground level.
  • A secondary layer of grass and crawling plants.
  • A third layer of shrubs, such as blueberries or blackberries.
  • A fourth layer of young trees, already with a certain height.
  • A last layer of trees around 60 feet tall.

The soil of this type of forest is usually fertile and rich in nutrients, given the abundant fall of leaves, branches and other organic matter that later decomposes.

It can serve you: Mediterranean forest

  1. Characteristics of the temperate forest

These forests occupy large areas of abundant and uniform rainfall . Its temperatures follow the seasonal pattern, since the seasons are clearly differentiated from each other.

It is common to find them before the appearance of the taigas, with which they can become confused. They differ from other more lush forests in that they have a much less thick and dense canopy, so that the sky can be seen from the undergrowth.

  1. Temperate forest fauna

In the temperate forest there are some hunting animals like the wolf.

The fauna of the temperate forest is diverse, although not as much as in tropical forests. Many of its native species hibernate during the frost period, escaping the deadly cold to resurface in the spring. This makes them not very visible animals, some nocturnal habits, others hidden among the grass.

On the other hand, there is a significant number of birds, insects and rodents, as well as large herbivores (deer, elk, wild boar, deer), fierce hunters and omnivores (bears, foxes, wolves, wildcats). Squirrels, salamanders and woodpeckers are also frequent.

More in: Forest Animals

  1. Temperate Forest Flora

Sequoias are giant trees that form temperate forests.

In some forests the deciduous species predominate, adapted to the arrival of the cold, with possible frosts and snowfalls, while in others the conifers are the majority, thus giving rise to temperate deciduous forests or temperate coniferous forests.

It is also common to find mixed forests, broadleaf and evergreen evergreen. In these forests you can find the famous sequoias, giant trees capable of reaching 275 meters high throughout their thousands of years of existence, usually in the temperate North American forests.

Other species typical of the temperate forest are maple, fir trees, spruces and other seed trees, such as walnut.

  1. Temperate Forest Relief

The relief of these forests is very diverse. It can occur in plains, valleys or mountains interchangeably, depending on their geographical region. In the flattest regions it is where the greatest human concentration of the planet is found, probably to take advantage of the richness of the soil for agricultural work.

  1. Temperate forest location

The temperate forest is found in both hemispheres, near polar areas, such as Alaska.

The main locations of this type of forest are in the northern regions of North America (much of the United States, Alaska, Canada), Europe (Scandinavia, England, Finland) and Asia (Russia, especially Siberia, but also China).

In the southern hemisphere, on the other hand, they are found in the southern regions of Australia, New Zealand, Chile and Argentina. These are the forests that prelude the different polar areas of each hemisphere, in which plant life is becoming much more difficult.

Follow with: Jungle


Interesting Articles

Cost accounting

Cost accounting

We explain what cost accounting is and what it should take into account. In addition, why cost accounting is so important. When performing cost accounting, administrative and managerial work is evaluated. What is cost accounting? Cost accounting offers us real and concrete information on all the costs and expenses that a company has to produce

Chromosomes

Chromosomes

We explain to you what the chromosomes are and how their structure is composed. In addition, its main functions and types of chromosomes. In chromosomes, most of the genetic information of an individual resides. What are the chromosomes? Chromosomes are called highly organized structures inside the biological cells , composed of DNA and other proteins, and where most of the gene information resides

Status  Quo

Status Quo

We explain what the status quo and the origin of the term. In addition, its different meanings and what it refers to. This term refers to the current situation of a given moment. What s el status quo? Statu quo, pronounced commonly and status c o (adding ), is a term from the Latin It is used as a synonym for the state of affairs at a given time

Steppes

Steppes

We explain what are the steppes and what is the fauna and flora of this biome. In addition, how is its climate and its relationship with the prairie. The steppes house forms of plant life of small size and thickness. What are the steppes? A biome (ecological zone or biological area) terrestrial, far from the seas and flat, is known as steppe, whose dry soils due to low rainfall are rich in minerals and poor in matter organic, being able to house forms of plant life of very small size and thickness

Inertia

Inertia

We explain what inertia is and what types exist. Newton's principle of inertia and everyday examples where inertia is experienced. The seat belt overcomes the inertia of the passengers when braking or crashing. What is inertia? The resistance that bodies oppose to modify their state of motion or stillness is called in physical inertia, either to alter their speed, their course or to stop; although the term also applies to the modifications of your physical state

Biochemistry

Biochemistry

We explain to you what biochemistry is, its history and the importance of this science. In addition, the branches that compose it and what a biochemist does. Biochemistry studies the material composition of living beings. What is the biochemical? The biochemistry is the chemistry of life, that is, the branch of science that is interested in the material composition of living beings