• Tuesday April 7,2020

Mediterranean Forest

We explain what the Mediterranean forest is, its flora, fauna, relief, climate and other characteristics. In addition, where it is located.

The Mediterranean forest is an arid, wooded and scrub biome.
  1. What is the Mediterranean forest?

It is called Mediterranean forest, hardwood or Mediterranean scrubland to a forested biome and scrubland frequent in regions that have a Mediterranean climate, that is, a climate similar to that of the vicinity of the European sea of ​​the same Name.

These types of forests date from very old times, and have survived the formation events of the Mediterranean region (from the Tethys Sea in the Mesozoic period). On the other hand, they also resisted the intervention of the human being, who has played an important role in shaping his biocenosis.

However, the Mediterranean forest is highly sensitive to desertification, if the topsoil is destroyed, since it is a type of hard biome, of xerifile vegetation (adapted to the environment dry) and low biodiversity.

Currently, there are numerous initiatives to protect these forests, which are also threatened by climate change, the results of which, however, do not seem very encouraging: a growth of just 2% between 2010 and 2015, according to n UN figures.

It can serve you: Coniferous forest

  1. Location of the Mediterranean forest

The mallee forests are Mediterranean forests found in Australia.

The Mediterranean forests are distributed, in the world, in five climatic regions located in the western facade of different continents. These regions are:

  • The endorheic basin around the Mediterranean Sea, between southern Europe, northern Africa and western Middle East.
  • The chaparral californiano, located in the state of California of the United States.
  • The Chilean scrubland, on the western coast of South America and in central Chile.
  • The South African fynbos, located in the Cape region.
  • The mallee to the southwest and south of Australia.
  1. Mediterranean forest characteristics

It is a xerophilous forest, with woody, aromatic and thorny undergrowth . It contains a modest number of plant species and a tendency towards very marked desertification, either as a result of the destruction of the vegetation layer or by the erosive action of the rains on the soil.

The plant species are adapted to the fire, recurring in the drought of the summers. Therefore, they have very thick and resistant crusts with which to shelter themselves, as well as leaves covered with wax to prevent the loss of water during the warm months.

It can serve you: deciduous forest

  1. Mediterranean forest fauna

The lynx is one of the predators of the Mediterranean forest.

In the Mediterranean forest there is an animal diversity adapted to the climatic conditions and the vegetables available as food . As in other forests, insects are the most numerous and successful animal group, holding a food chain that includes raptors, small rodents, squirrels, hares and small reptiles.

There are also larger predators such as the lynx (especially the Iberian lynx), foxes, eagles and wolves. There are also herbivorous animals such as the mountain goat. Amphibians abound and many species of birds such as jay, piquituerto, herrerillo or chotacabras.

More in: Forest animals

  1. Mediterranean forest flora

Trees abound adapted to aridity, like the lentisk.

In these forests , perennifolias predominate, such as holm oak, in the middle of a xerifile and sclerifile vegetation, adapted to summer aridity. There are also plenty of lentisk, aladierno, many vines such as sarsaparilla, and also jaras, rosemary and thyme.

There are species that produce flowers, such as the carrasco pine and the pine tree, the sabina or the madro, and in the m sh das regions there is abundance of the quejigo and the cork oak. When you make the transition to other regions, you usually form mixed forests with other leafy scrub species, or gallery forests.

  1. Relief of the Mediterranean forest

The Mediterranean forest predominates in flat reliefs, plains, with the occasional mountain range and especially the valleys. The mountains around it are usually young, with relevant plateaus and highly populated.

  1. Mediterranean forest climate

The Mediterranean climate is characterized by mild winters, warm autumns, rainy springs and dry summers, in which forest fires abound, to which vegetation is adapted (vegetation) n pyr fila).

On average, the temperature is maintained above 20 C, presenting seasonal variations. Precipitation is not very abundant during the year, although it can exceed 1000mm in certain regions.

This type of climate differs both from the coastal Mediterranean climate (close to water, more stable and humid), and the continental Mediterranean climate (drier and with greater thermal variations) .

Continue with: Temperate forest, Tropical forest


Interesting Articles

to love

to love

We explain what love is and what are the different types of love. In addition, why it is so important and what this feeling implies. Love is a union that is not material, but spiritual. What is love? Love is the supreme feeling. Love is not just about affinity, or chemistry between two people, love is feeling respect, connection, freedom to be together with another person

Feminist movement

Feminist movement

We explain what the feminist movement is, its history and the characteristics of this position. Also, what it is to be a feminist. Feminism aspires to claim women's rights. What is the feminist movement? When we talk about the feminism or feminist movement, we refer to a diverse set of positions and models of critical thinking of a political, economic, cultural and social nature , which they have in common their aspiration for the claim of women's rights and the conquest of an equal role with respect to men in the different aspects of society

Slide

Slide

We explain to you what a slide is and how it was known in ancient times. In addition, some of the features and uses it presents. In the old days the slide was known as a positive photograph. What is Slide? When submitting a job for your school or university, a work report that contains fundamental data on a topic to be discussed or the simple need to do something that can be seen by one or more spectators, investing your time creating a Slide series is a highly recommended option

Habitat

Habitat

We explain what a habitat is, what types exist and describe the habitats of the wood and jaguar. In addition, what is an ecological niche. A habitat has the appropriate conditions for the development of a species. What is a habitat? A habitat is the physical place where a certain community of organisms inhabits , be they animals, fungi, plants or even microorganisms (micro-habitat)

Conclusion

Conclusion

We explain what a conclusion is and what it is for. In addition, what are the steps to make an effective conclusion. It is an argument logically derived from the premises evaluated. What is a conclusion? The conclusion, as indicated by its name, derived from the Latin conclusion or (literally close or final ), is the last part of an argument, a study or a dissertation

Genetics

Genetics

We explain to you what is genetics, what is its history and why it is so important. In addition, what is human genetics and genetic inheritance. DNA is a cpaz na protein to create exact copies of itself. What is genetics? Genetics is a branch of biology that studies how physical characteristics and traits are transmitted from one generation to another