• Sunday October 17,2021


We explain to you what the ATP is, what are some of the functions that it fulfills and the importance of this organic molecule.

The ATP molecule was discovered in 1929 by the German biochemist Karl Lohmann.
  1. What is the ATP?

In biochemistry, an organic molecule of the nucleotide type, fundamental, for the obtaining of energy, is called with the acronym. a cell, known as Adennos n Triphosphate o Aphosphine of adenosine.

It is the main source of energy for most of the known cellular processes and functions.

The name of the ATP comes from its molecular composition: a nitrogenous base (adenine) linked to the carbon atom of a pentose-type sugar molecule ( ribose), in turn with three phosphate ions bonded in another carbon atom.

Its molecular formula is C10H16N5O13P3 y and it is produced both in the vegetable regeneration, as well as in the cellular respiration of the animals.

The ATP is very soluble in water (by hydrolysis) and stable in pH ranges between 6.8 and 7.4. When dissolved it releases a large amount of energy.

Since it has several molecular groups that give it a negative charge (ionized at a level of 4--4), it is usually found in the cells as part of a complex with magnesium (Mg2 +) or other metals with which it has an affinity.

This molecule was discovered in 1929 by the German biochemist Karl Lohmann, and its operation as the main energy transfer molecule of the cell was discovered in 1941 by Fritz Albert Lipmann.

See also: Lipid.

  1. Importance of ATP

The ATP is a fundamental molecule for various vital processes, in the first instance as a source of energy for the synthesis of complex macromolecules, such as DNA, RNA or proteins.

That is, the ATP provides the excess energy necessary to enable certain chemical reactions in the body.

This is because it has energy-rich bonds, which can dissolve in water according to the following reaction:

ATP + H2O = ADP (Adenos n Difosfato) + P + Energ a

On the other hand, ATP is key in the transport of macromolecules through the cell membrane (exocytosis and endocytosis), it allows synaptic communication between neurons, so its continuous synthesis is required from the glucose obtained from food, and its continuous consumption by the various cellular systems of the body.

The intake of certain toxic elements (gases, poisons) that inhibit the ATP processes, often cause death very quickly, such as arsenic or cyanide.

Finally, ATP cannot be stored in its natural state, but as part of larger compounds, such as glycogen (which can be converted to glucose and from its oxidation obtain ATP) in animals and starch in plants.

Similarly, it can be stored in the form of animal fat, by the synthesis of fatty acids.

Interesting Articles

Bank Credit

Bank Credit

We explain to you what a bank loan is and where the borrowed money comes from. In addition, the importance of this instrument in the economy. Bank loans have a high impact on the economy of the countries. What is bank credit? A credit is a financial operation where an entity grants another one an amount of money in an account at its disposal, committing the second to return all the money taken, paying in addition It is an interest in the use of that amount



We explain what a frequency is and what is the way to measure this magnitude. In addition, the different meanings of this term. Frequency must be measured by hertz. What is frequency? The frequency is a magnitude that measures the number of repetitions an event can have per unit of time. The SI (International System of Units), which is the system of units used by most countries in the world, says that the frequency must be measured by hertz (Hz)



We explain to you what Marxism is and what this doctrine implies. Other concepts such as alienation, class struggle, surplus value. Marxism has as its basic postulate the dissolution of capitalist society. What is Marxism? Marxism has been the doctrine that has influenced the great political-economic and ideological system with which capitalism has had to fight during the nineteenth century, but mainly during the twentieth century: communism



We explain what a paradigm is and the different processes that must be followed. In addition, its definition in linguistics and social sciences. In linguistics a paradigm is a set of very varied words and in context. What is a paradigm? The concept of paradigm reflects something specific that works as an example to follow



We explain what pesticides are, what types of pesticides exist and why they are dangerous. In addition, organic pesticides. Pesticides protect agricultural products from unwanted species. What are pesticides? Pesticides, pesticides or biocides are a type of chemical compounds intended to repel, destroy, prevent or combat any undesirable species of plants or animals

Freedom of expression

Freedom of expression

We explain to you what freedom of expression is and how this human right originated. In addition, its limits and freedom of expression on the Internet. Freedom of expression is an elementary medium for the dissemination of ideas. What is freedom of expression? Freedom of expression is that right that every human being must enjoy, freely express their opinions , be able to publish or communicate them and that, in turn, the rest of the people respect them