• Saturday March 28,2020

Plastic Arts

We explain what they are and what types of plastic arts exist. In addition: history, characteristics and examples of plastic arts.

Painting is the most classical of all plastic arts.
  1. What are the Plastic Arts?

When we talk about plastic arts, we refer to the techniques of elaboration of works of art in which materials and elements capable of being molded, modified or transformed by the artist are used. These elements are therefore considered plastic resources, since they serve the raw material artist to express his perspective, imagination or specific vision of the real.

This term is used in Fine Arts to differentiate the visual arts, which must be perceived by the viewer's view, from those that also involve the sense of hearing (music, recited text ), like the sciences. Thus, plastic arts are considered to be painting, sculpture, drawing, architecture, engraving, ceramics, goldsmithing, handicrafts and wall painting.

It is very common that plastic artists, especially in the early exploration of their talent, focus on various plastic disciplines at the same time, since the plastic arts start from principles and aspects common to each other, such as shape, texture, color or even movement.

Plastic arts currently occupy one of the main artistic areas of museums, and are, together with the sciences, literature, cinema, music and photography., the maximum contemporary expressions of art.

See also: Collage.

  1. History of the plastic arts

The notion of plastic arts emerged during the nineteenth century, as has been said, to distinguish them from the performing arts. However, during the 20th century the notion of art came into conflict and reformulation so many times that the plastic arts incorporated expressive proposals such as graffiti and urban art ( street art ) or the ready-made heritage of pop-art.

This last type of artistic objects, above all, that did not receive major intervention from the artist, but were transferred by him to the museum and extracted from their context, forced the use of the term “visual arts” instead of “plastic arts”, to accommodate them in this category. Video, photography and digital art, that way, also had a place in it.

  1. Types of plastic arts

Ceramics consist of shaping a mass of clay, earthenware or porcelain.

The plastic arts are ordinarily classified into:

  • Painting The most classic of all, along with sculpture, this discipline uses chromatic substances obtained through various mechanisms to apply color on a smooth white surface, known as canvas, to create with these colors a realistic or abstract representation of reality.
  • Sculpture This discipline uses the artist's hands, as well as various tools, to mold, cut, polish and, in short, give a certain shape to durable elements, such as stones of different nature, or moldable materials that then harden, such as plaster.
  • Goldsmithing It involves the elaboration of artistic pieces through the manipulation and melting of metals, in particular precious metals such as gold or silver.
  • Drawing The technique consists in representing the perspectives of the visible to the naked eye or of the imaginary by means of strokes on a paper that are made with pencil, charcoal, ink or some other material that leaves marks.
  • Engraving Similar to the drawing, the engraving prints gestures, letters or other symbols on a surface, but in this case a hard and resistant as rolled metals.
  • Ceramic Similar to the sculpture, it prints form (and eventually color) to a mass of a moldable or malleable element, then naturally or in a furnace extract the water component and, when drying, harden it and make it rigid and bright.
  • Craft This is called the technique of producing simple objects or containers, for everyday use, using flexible materials and simple tools, often the artist's hand.
  1. Characteristics of the plastic arts

As stated before, the plastic arts share certain basic concepts that determine their particular way of expressing their contents, and which are:

  • Color . The colors are given to the works of art through pigments and materials that, when impacted by white light, absorb all the tones of the rainbow minus one. This reflected color is what our retinas perceive.
  • Shape . The form has to do with the geometry of things, with their regularity or irregularity, with their limits visible to the naked eye.
  • Texture . The texture is appreciable by touch or sight, and has to do with the surface of the objects: its roughness or smoothness, its edge or the sensations transmitted by its outer layer.
  • Movement . In some cases, plastic works can have movement, as is the case of artists such as Argentine Julio LeParc, whose sculptures could be activated by electricity to transmit hypnotic shapes and colors to the viewer.
  1. Examples of plastic arts

Examples of each of the plastic disciplines are given below:

  • Painting : The Guernica by Pablo Picasso (20th century).
  • Sculpture : The thinker of Auguste Rodin (s. XX).
  • Ceramics : The ceramic vases of Th odore Deck (19th century).
  • Goldsmith : The altar of Saint Ambrose of Milan, made by Vuolvinus (c. 850).
  • Drawing : The sketches of dancers by Edgar Degas (20th century).
  • Engraving : The series of engravings of Goya baptized The whims (s. XX).

Interesting Articles

Semantics

Semantics

We explain to you what is the semantics and the components with which it assigns the meanings. In addition, what is a semantic family and examples. Semantics studies the meaning of words. What is the semantics? It is called a semantic branch of linguistics dedicated to the study of meaning. Its name comes from the Greek term s mant ik s ( significant meaning ) and together with phonetics, grammar and morphosyntax, it constitutes one of the main approaches to the organized study of verbal language

Plantae Kingdom

Plantae Kingdom

We explain to you what the kingdom is, what are its characteristics and classification. How is your nutrition, reproduction and examples. Those forms of life with a photosynthetic nutrition belong to the kingdom. What is the plantae kingdom? It is called Kingdom plantae (from the Latin plants ) or Vegetable Kingdom to one of the main groups in which biology classifies known living beings

Production Process

Production Process

We explain what the production process is and the types that exist. In addition, what are its stages and the milk production process. The production process seeks to satisfy a certain type of demand in society. What is the production process? It is known as the production process or productive process, or also as a productive chain, the diverse set of operations planned to transform certain inputs or factors into specific goods or services , through the application of a technological process Logical that usually involves certain types of knowledge and specialized machinery

Metals

Metals

We explain what metals are, how they are classified and what their physical properties are. Examples of metals and what are nonmetals. Metals are the most abundant elements of the Periodic Table. What are metals? In the field of chemistry, those elements of the Periodic Table that are characterized as good conductors of electricity and are known as metals of heat , have high densities and be generally solid at room temperature (except mercury)

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

We explain to you what the International Monetary Fund is, its history, objectives, functions and member countries. In addition, the World Bank. The International Monetary Fund promotes economic cooperation. What is the International Monetary Fund (IMF)? The International Monetary Fund, known by its acronym IMF, is an international organization dedicated to international economic cooperation , the promotion of international trade and the promotion of foreign exchange and labor stability

Lessee

Lessee

We explain what a tenant is, what are the rights that it contemplates and the different obligations that it must fulfill. A tenant is the one who rents a good (building, department, vehicle, etc). What is a tenant? The tenant is called the figure contrary to the landlord in a lease or rental agreement