• Tuesday April 7,2020

Female reproductive system

We explain what the female reproductive system is and its main functions. In addition, what are its parts and possible diseases.

The female reproductive system performs sexual reproduction functions.
  1. What is the female reproductive system?

As the name implies, `` the female reproductive system '' is the set of organs, tissues and ducts present in human beings of the female genus (as well as other higher animals), which fulfill the various functions involved in sexual reproduction .

This implies from preparation for intercourse, fertilization of the egg, pregnancy (or its equivalents in other animals, such as laying eggs) and birth. It is also known as female genital apparatus.

In the case of the human being, the female reproductive apparatus is responsible for physically and biochemically promoting the encounter between the sperm ejaculated by the man inside the woman's vagina, and the vulos generated by this one. This union is produced in the uterus and, once the fertilization of the cells has occurred, a zygote is generated that after nine months of growth will become a new human individual.

The entire process of gestation of this new individual in the uterus is known as pregnancy, and during the nine months it takes the woman's body will be available hormonal, biochemical and physical. Only to provide the fetus with the necessary nutrients for its proper development.

When it is ready to exist outside the womb, the muscles around the uterus will contract and the cervix will dilate, to expel it through the birth canal (the vagina) .

The female genital apparatus, thus, is indispensable for the reproduction of the species and is evolutionarily designed to activate at puberty, together with hormonal and sexual awakening, a stage that is part of the adolescence.

Menstruation, thus, is a normal activity of uterine maintenance, which discards the unfertilized cells and renews the walls of the endometrium, so that the following month the chances of fertility are always the highest possible.

It can serve you: Male Reproductive System.

  1. Female reproductive system function

The ovules secrete molecules that attract sperm.

As has been said, the function of the woman's reproductive system could not be more indispensable for the species: to promote fertilization and to serve as a container for the new individual until the culmination of her pregnancy.

However, it should not be thought that this function is merely passive. The production of eggs begins with puberty, along with menstruation, despite the fact that women are born with the total amount of eggs formed that will be available during life.

On the other hand, the ovules do not simply wait to be fertilized, but they secrete molecules that attract sperm to them and, once the encounter occurs, facilitate the absorption of sperm content to obtain the zygote. It is a complex process that occurs in the connection between the fallopian tubes and the uterus where the baby will be born.

  1. Parts of the female reproductive system

The fallopian tubes are between 10 and 13 cm.

The genital apparatus of women is composed of two parts, each involving different sets of organs, glands and ducts.

External organs The female genitals are known as the vulva as a whole, and they are necessary to carry out intercourse (sexual intercourse with penetration of the penis into the vagina). This includes the clitoris, the labia majora and labia minora, the Mount of Venus and the holes in the urethra and vagina.

Internal organs The largest portion of the female genital tract is inside the body, and encompasses various organs that deserve separate mention:

  • The vagina It is the conduit that allows the entrance of the penis into the female body, accompanied by the necessary lubrication and secretion, during intercourse. After the pregnancy, it widens and allows the newborn to leave.
  • The uterus The sac where fertilization occurs, the fetus is gestated and contains it until the day of delivery.
  • Ovaries Organs where the ovules are gestated and prepared to leave the uterus, once a month. They are usually two and are also responsible for hormonal production for the sexual development of women.
  • The fallopian tubes. 10--13 cm ducts that connect the ovaries with the uterus, and in which fertilization can occur (but rarely the fertilized zygote is implanted in them).
  1. Diseases of the female reproductive system

The reproductive system of women can suffer various ailments, such as:

  • Cancer Especially in the cervix, it has been associated with certain sexually transmitted diseases (such as HPV) as well as hereditary factors.
  • Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). As well as men, women can be affected by infectious diseases that are spread through intercourse, such as gonorrhea, syphilis, human papillomavirus or chlamydiae
  • Endometriosis It is a disorder in which the tissue lining the uterus grows abnormally outside of it.
  • Infertility Due to various causes, some congenital and others of a biochemical nature, such as too high a pH (which annihilates sperm) or too thick vaginal mucus (which prevents them from moving).

Interesting Articles

to love

to love

We explain what love is and what are the different types of love. In addition, why it is so important and what this feeling implies. Love is a union that is not material, but spiritual. What is love? Love is the supreme feeling. Love is not just about affinity, or chemistry between two people, love is feeling respect, connection, freedom to be together with another person

Feminist movement

Feminist movement

We explain what the feminist movement is, its history and the characteristics of this position. Also, what it is to be a feminist. Feminism aspires to claim women's rights. What is the feminist movement? When we talk about the feminism or feminist movement, we refer to a diverse set of positions and models of critical thinking of a political, economic, cultural and social nature , which they have in common their aspiration for the claim of women's rights and the conquest of an equal role with respect to men in the different aspects of society



We explain to you what a slide is and how it was known in ancient times. In addition, some of the features and uses it presents. In the old days the slide was known as a positive photograph. What is Slide? When submitting a job for your school or university, a work report that contains fundamental data on a topic to be discussed or the simple need to do something that can be seen by one or more spectators, investing your time creating a Slide series is a highly recommended option



We explain what a habitat is, what types exist and describe the habitats of the wood and jaguar. In addition, what is an ecological niche. A habitat has the appropriate conditions for the development of a species. What is a habitat? A habitat is the physical place where a certain community of organisms inhabits , be they animals, fungi, plants or even microorganisms (micro-habitat)



We explain what a conclusion is and what it is for. In addition, what are the steps to make an effective conclusion. It is an argument logically derived from the premises evaluated. What is a conclusion? The conclusion, as indicated by its name, derived from the Latin conclusion or (literally close or final ), is the last part of an argument, a study or a dissertation



We explain to you what is genetics, what is its history and why it is so important. In addition, what is human genetics and genetic inheritance. DNA is a cpaz na protein to create exact copies of itself. What is genetics? Genetics is a branch of biology that studies how physical characteristics and traits are transmitted from one generation to another