We explain what anatomy is and what this science studies. Types of anatomy, and examples of the systems of human anatomy.
What is Anatomy?
Anatomy is a science that studies the structure of living beings, that is, the disposition of their bones and organs and the relationship that exists between them. The structure of living beings is also called anatomy. This term is widely used in sciences such as medicine and biology.
The word `` anatomy '' comes from the Greek ana (which means above ) and volumes (means to cut ) . The combination of these words means to dissect, and it is not random since the basis of the anatomy is to dissect corpses for study. Those who study any branch of biology should study their anatomy, whether human or animal, including plant.
Thanks to anatomical studies, great discoveries can be made in the sciences and in conjunction with the advancement of technology is that scientists discover more and more events.
There are many subdivisions of the anatomy, such as:
- Descriptive anatomy
- Regional anatomy
- Anatomy compared
- Pathological anatomy
- Functional anatomy
See also: Physiology.
Apparatus and systems of the human anatomy
- Endocrine system. Study the hormonal behavior of the glands.
- Nervous system. Study the synaptic and communication processes of the brain.
- Osseous system. Study the composition and structure of the bones.
- Cardiovascular system. Study the heart and its components.
- Immune system. Study the behavior of viruses and bacteria in the human body, as well as their defense systems.
- Muscular system. Study the muscular structure of the body and movements.
- Respiratory system Study all the organs that allow breathing.
- Circulatory system. Study all the components related to blood transport.
- Reproductive system. Study both the male and female reproductive organs.
- Musculoskeletal system Study all the systems that allow body movement.
- Digestive system. Study all the organs involved in the process of feeding and digestion.
- Excretory system. Study the organs that are directly involved in the disposal of waste.