• Saturday March 28,2020

Public Administration

We explain to you what the public administration is and the various functions of this discipline. In addition, examples and what is private administration.

The public administration manages contact between citizens and public power.
  1. What is the public administration?

Public administration means discipline and also the scope of action in relation to the management of State resources, of public enterprises. Public and institutions that make up the public heritage.

The public administration is responsible for managing contact between citizens and public power, not only in the bureaucratic institutions of the State, but also n in state-owned enterprises, in health entities, in the armed forces, in police, firefighters, the postal service and national parks, among others. On the other hand, it does not cover the judicial and legislative sectors.

This concept can be understood from two points of view:

  • Formally, it refers to public organizations that have received from the political power the powers to meet specific needs of citizens in matters of general interest, such as health, bureaucracy, etc.
  • Materially, it refers to the administrative activity of the State, that is, to the management of itself, to reinforce compliance with the laws and the satisfaction of public needs, as well. as its relationship with particular organisms.

The public administration has the privilege of contentious-administrative, that is, of administrative procedural law, capable of managing management acts (the State acts as a juridical person dica) or acts of authority (executed by the State by decree).

See also: Public Service.

  1. Public Administration Functions

Public administration meets the needs of citizens.

The public administration's primary task is the management of state efforts or of the various companies and institutions that make up the State, in order to ensure effective compliance with:

  • The satisfaction of the minimum needs of citizens.
  • The safeguard of the internal order of the nation.
  • Ensure bureaucratic, hierarchical and informative relations that maintain a functioning social, political and citizen system.
  1. Examples of public administration

Some examples of public administration can be:

  • The measures to cut and reduce the state carried out by neoliberal governments, especially during the 1990s in Latin America: layoffs of public workers, merger of ministries, etc.
  • The enlargement of the State carried out by socialist governments, as they expropriate private companies and properties that become the patrimony of the state, under a management model of the public administration.
  1. Public and private administration

Although many of its processes may be similar, public administration and private administration are distinguished in the following:

  • Objective . While the public administration provides a service to the community, the private one pursues clear profits.
  • Financing Public administration depends financially on the State, although depending on its nature it may provide certain services to third parties; while private is entirely due to private capital and donations.
  • Legality Both are legal, of course, but the public one is endowed by law of powers, while the private one is guarded and supervised by the principles established in the law, and public bodies are responsible, among other things, for ensuring that this is the case. .
  • Dependence . While the public administration obeys the guidelines of the government (as long as they do not contradict the laws of the State), the private administration retains a greater margin of independence.
  1. Public administration and political sciences

A government is nothing more than a specific way of employing the State.

The formal study of political science usually goes hand in hand with that of the public administration, for one simple reason: the different models of government or political management that man has devised throughout history they have made themselves feel more than anything in the way of disposing of public goods and services, given that a government, from a certain point of view, is not more It is a specific way of using the State: its laws, its institutions and its social, civic and economic tasks.

More in: Political Science.


Interesting Articles

Unicellular Organisms

Unicellular Organisms

We explain what unicellular organisms are, their characteristics and the first unicellular organism. Classification, importance and examples. The appearance of unicellular organisms is still difficult to explain. What are unicellular organisms? Unicellular organism is called to all those forms of life whose body is composed of a single cell , and that do not form any type of tissue, structure or body together with others of its kind

Phenotype

Phenotype

We explain what the phenotype is and what are its differences with the genotype. In addition, some examples of phenotype. The phenotype is determined by the unique genetic configuration contained in the DNA. What is the phenotype? In genetics, there is talk of a phenotype to refer to the observable physical characteristics of an organism , product of the expression or manifestation of the genetic information contained in the genotype, in accordance with the conditions of the determined environment in which the organism lives

Color Theory

Color Theory

We explain what Color Theory is, historical examples and color properties. In addition, the RGB and CMYK color models. The rules of Color Theory allow to achieve the desired effects. What is the theory of color? Theory of color is known as a set of basic rules that govern the mixing of colors to achieve desired effects, by combining colors or pigments

Law

Law

We explain to you what the law is and what is the purpose of the legal norms. In addition, types of laws and what are their characteristics. Laws are a way to control the behavior of human beings. What is law? The concept of law comes from the Latin lex and within the juridical scope it can be defined as those general norms of obligatory character that have been dictated by the corresponding power with the objective of regulating the behaviors human

Application Software

Application Software

We explain what the application software is, what it is for and examples. In addition, what are the system and programming software. The application software is not part of the operation of the computer. What is the application software? In computer science, it is understood as an application software, application programs, or in some cases applications, as well as the set of software generally installed in the software

Lithium

Lithium

We explain to you what lithium is and where this chemical element comes from. Discovery, uses and presence in the human body. Lithium, in its pure form is a soft metal, silvery white and extremely light. What is lithium? The lithium (Li) is a chemical element alkaline, metallic, diamagnetic, but extremely reactive , with rapid oxidation in air or in water In its pure form it is a soft metal, silvery white and extremely light, which is not in a free state in nature