• Saturday March 28,2020

Adjective

We explain to you what an adjective is and what is the function of this word. In addition, what are the types of adjectives that exist.

The term adjective comes from the Latin language adiectivus, which means which is added .
  1. What is Adjective?

Adjectives are a type of words whose function is to complement and specify characteristics to nouns, which they accompany adjacently in a sentence.

The term adjective comes from the Latin language adiectivus, which means which is added .

See also: Qualifying Adjectives.

  1. What is the function of an adjective?

Adjectives classify or categorize all things, to nouns, highlighting the properties that can be attributed to them. So, what they do is to attribute to the nouns a certain quality that is concrete, tangible and perceptible through the senses.

Adjectives can be before or after nouns . It should be noted that the adjectives that are usually used are the qualifying adjectives (eg red house, pretty woman).

Adjectives depend on an adjacent noun to define its form : there are adjectives with a termination that do not vary according to the gender of the substantive word to which they accompany. And others that do vary their termination, such as terminations: good / good, bad / bad, etc.

  1. Types of adjectives

The explanatory adjectives express the quality of the noun and are written after it.

According to their synthetic function they are classified as:

  • Attribution adjectives: In which the verb ser or es is used to link them to the attribute. For example: "The night is freezing."
  • Adjectives attached: They are those that go together to the name, noun. For example: «The new car«.
  • Adjectives complement the predicate: They are linked by a non-copulative verb in the same way as the adjectives of attribution. For example: "The owner arrived tired ."
  • Appositional adjectives: They go next to the nouns but without any type of written union but if united by some punctuation mark. For example: «The dog, big «.

There is another classification of adjectives that serves to highlight the attribute of the noun of which reference is being made, the point in them is made before or without the adjective.

  • Explanatory adjectives: They express the quality of the noun and are written after it. For example: new car, black cat .
  • Specific adjectives: They express a certain quality by emphasizing it to represent the noun. We could say in other words, that quality gives relevance to the thing. And the adjective is positioned ahead of the noun. For example: great moment, cold night.

Adjectives that are part of an interrogative or exclamatory sentence always precede the noun and are accentuated as for example in the case of the word, how much, which, what, etc.

There is also another type of adjectives that are linked to the way they measure the amount with respect to the noun to which they are speaking. These are the quantifying adjectives, basically there are three different categories:

  • Ordinal adjectives: They indicate an order, a consecutive list, are the cases such as: first, second, third, etc.
  • Cardinal adjectives: They indicate the amount in real numbers, where there is no necessary ordering but total amount, such as: one, two, three, four.
  • Multiplicative adjectives: They are used to indicate the multiplicity of the nucleus of the noun phrase, for example: double day, triple or quadruple, etc.

Interesting Articles

Anatomy

Anatomy

We explain what anatomy is and what this science studies. Types of anatomy, and examples of the systems of human anatomy. The structure of living beings is called anatomy. What is Anatomy? Anatomy is a science that studies the structure of living beings , that is, the disposition of their bones and organs and the relationship that exists between them

Investment

Investment

We explain what the investment is and the types of investments that can be made. In addition, its elements and differences with savings. The objective of an investment is to obtain a profit, a revenue or a profit. What is the investment? In economics, investment is understood as a set of saving mechanisms, capital location and postponement of consumption , with the objective of obtaining a benefit, a river profit or profit, that is, protect or increase the assets of a person or institution

Amphibians

Amphibians

We explain to you what amphibians are, what is their origin and their main characteristics. In addition, how these animals and examples are classified. Amphibians transport matter and energy from water to land and vice versa. What are amphibians? Amphibians are known as terrestrial vertebrates who dedicate a good part of their lives to an aquatic environment , and that go through a period of metamorphosis during their development: a series of profound morphological changes that distinguish each of the stages of its life cycle, and that generally imply a period of aquatic life

Genetics

Genetics

We explain to you what is genetics, what is its history and why it is so important. In addition, what is human genetics and genetic inheritance. DNA is a cpaz na protein to create exact copies of itself. What is genetics? Genetics is a branch of biology that studies how physical characteristics and traits are transmitted from one generation to another

Spermatogenesis

Spermatogenesis

We explain what spermatogenesis is and the phases in which this process is divided. In addition, what is azoospermia and oogenesis? Spermatogenesis takes place in the male sex glands. What is spermatogenesis? It is called a spermatogenesis , or spermatocytogenesis , the process of generation or production of sperm , which takes place inside the male sex glands (test Circles), specifically in the seminiferous tubes, coiled ducts of about 30 to 60 cm

Limit

Limit

We explain to you what a limit is and how geographical limits are established. In addition, other meanings of the term in various fields. The concept of limit is often easily confused with that of the border. What is Limit? The concept of limit comes from brass, and means edge . First, from the geography it is only understood as the real or imaginary line that separates two contiguous territories